Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Upāli-Pentads (Division 9: Referendum)

Prv.17.9.1 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should a monk not be agreed upon for a referendum[1]?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is not skilled in meanings,[2] if he is not skilled in Dhamma,[3] if he is not skilled in language, if he is not skilled in syllables, if he is not skilled in what precedes and what follows. If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk should not be agreed upon for a referendum.

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is skilled in meanings … If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk may be agreed upon for a referendum.

Prv.17.9.2 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a monk BD.6.318 should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is angry, overcome by anger, if he is harsh, overcome by harshness, if he is unmerciful, overcome by unmercifulness, if he is envious, overcome by envy, if he is infected by wordliness, grasping it tightly, not letting go of it easily.[4] If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is not angry overcome by anger … if he is not envious, overcome by envy, if he is not infected by worldliness, not grasping it tightly, letting go of it easily. If he is possessed of these five qualities.

Prv.17.9.3 Vin.5.198 If he is possessed of five further qualities … should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is agitated,[5] if he is malevolent, if he offers resistance, if he causes anger, if he is intractable, if he is incapable of being instructed.[6] If he is possessed of these five qualities …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is not agitated, if he is not malevolent … if he is tractable and is capable of being instructed. If he is possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.9.4 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is one who confuses the mind and does not make remember,[7] if he is a teacher who has not obtained leave, if he is one who reproves not according to Dhamma, not according to Discipline, not according to the offence, if he is one who carries out not according to Dhamma, not according to Discipline, not according to the offence, if he is an expounder not in accordance with right view.[8] If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he is one who makes remember and does not confuse the mind, if he is a teacher who has obtained leave, if he reproves according to Dhamma BD.6.319 … if he carries out according to Dhamma … if he is an expounder in accordance with right view. If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.9.5 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course from partiality, if he follows a wrong course from hatred … confusion … fear, and if he is unconscientious. If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities … may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course from partiality … and if he is conscientious. If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.9.6 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … should not be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he follows a wrong course from partiality … hatred … confusion … fear, and if he is not skilled in Vinaya. If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk may be agreed upon for a referendum. Of what five? If he does not follow a wrong course from partiality … and if he is skilled in Vinaya. If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk may be agreed upon for a referendum.”

Prv.17.9.7 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, is a monk reckoned as ignorant?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk is reckoned as ignorant. Of what five? If he does not know the clauses, if he does not know what is in conformity with the clauses, if he does not know Vinaya, if he does not know what is in conformity with Vinaya, and if he is not skilled in what is and what is not causal occasion.[9] If he is possessed …

If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a monk is reckoned as learned. Of what five? If he knows the clauses … and if he is skilled in what is and what is not causal occasion. If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.9.8 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … is reckoned as ignorant. Of what five? If he does not know the rules,[10] if BD.6.320 he does not know what is in conformity with the rules Vin.5.199 he does not know Vinaya, if he does not know what is in conformity with Vinaya, and if he is not skilled in what precedes and what follows. If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five qualities … reckoned as learned. Of what five? If he knows the rules … and if he is skilled in what precedes and what follows. If he is possessed of the five …

Prv.17.9.9 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … reckoned as ignorant. Of what five? If he does not know the matter the source … the laying down … the order of the words (in a sentence), if he does not know the sequence of the connecting words.[11] If he is possessed of these five …

If he is possessed of five … reckoned as learned. Of what five? If he knows the matter … If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.9.10 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli … reckoned as ignorant. Of what five? If he does not know an offence, if he does not know the origin of an offence, if he does not know the means (used) for an offence, if he does not know the removal of an offence, if he is not skilled in discriminating an offence.[12] If he is possessed of these …

If he is possessed of five qualities … reckoned as learned. Of what five? If he knows an offence … if he is skilled in discriminating an offence. If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.9.11 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … reckoned as ignorant. Of what five? If he does not know a legal question, if he does not know the origin of a legal question, if he does not know the means (used) for a legal question, if he does not know the removal of a legal question, if he is not skilled in discriminating a legal question.[13] If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk is reckoned as ignorant.

If he is possessed of five qualities … reckoned as learned. Of what five? If he knows a legal question … if he is skilled in discriminating a legal question. If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, a monk is reckoned as learned.”

BD.6.321 Concluded is the Ninth Division: on a Referendum

Its Summary

And also not skilled in meanings,
angry, and who is agitated,
One who confuses the mind,
wrong course from partiality,
and likewise not skilled,
Clauses, and rules, and matter,
offence, legal question:
Two by two all is made clear:
know well the dark and the bright.

Footnotes and references:

1.

See Vin.2.95ff., where if a monk has ten qualities, quite different from those given here, he may or may not be agreed upon. These are no doubt the qualities referred to at Vin.5.139 and AN.v.71.

2.

Vin-a.1376 (on 8, 14) and Vin-a.1377 takes this to mean skilled in the aṭṭhakathā, the Commentaries.

3.

Vin-a.1376 calls this pāḷi, the text. If he has not learnt it from a teacher he is not pāḷisūra.

4.

Cf. Vin.2.89.

5.

kuppati, or angry.

6.

Last clause also at Vin.3.178.

7.

pasāretā hoti no sāretā, explained at Vin-a.1377 by mohetā hoti na satiuppādetā, he is one causing confusion and not one who arouses mindfulness. The Commentary adds that he confuses the talk of reprovers and reproved, and does not make (the reproved monk) remember.

8.

As at Vin.5.184.

10.

dhamma.

11.

As at Vin.5.192.

12.

As at Vin.5.192.

13.

As at Vin.5.192.