Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Upāli-Pentads (Division 8: Exhortation of Nuns)

Prv.17.8.1 “If he is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should a formal act be carried out against a monk by the Order of nuns itself?”

“If he is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against a monk by the Order of nuns itself—this monk is not to be greeted by the Order of nuns. Of what five? Having exposed his body he shows it to nuns he shows his thigh, he shows his private parts, he shows both shoulders, he offends and quarrels with a householder.[1] If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli … this monk is not to be greeted by the Order of nuns.

Prv.17.8.2 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli … this monk is not to be greeted by the Order of nuns. Of what five? If he tries for the non-receiving (of requisites) by nuns, if he tries for non-profiting by nuns,[2] if he tries for non-residence[3] for nuns, if he reviles and abuses nuns, if he causes monks to break with nuns.[4] If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli …

Prv.17.8.3 And if he is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against a monk by the Order of nuns itself—this monk is not to be greeted by the Order of nuns. Of what five? If he tries for the non-receiving (of requisites) by nuns, if he tries for non-profiting by nuns, if he tries for non-residence for nuns, if he reviles and abuses nuns, if he makes monks quarrel with nuns. If he is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli … this monk is not to be greeted by the Order of nuns.”

Prv.17.8.4 “If she is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should a formal act be carried out against a nun?”

BD.6.315 “If she is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against a nun. Of what five? Having exposed her body she shows it to monks, she shows her thigh, she shows her private parts, she shows both shoulders, she offends and quarrels with a householder. If she is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli …

Prv.17.8.5 And if she is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against a nun. Of what five? If she tries for the non-receiving (of requisites) by monks, if she tries for non-profiting by monks, if she tries for non-residence by monks, if she reviles and abuses monks, if she causes nuns to break with monks. If she is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli …

Prv.17.8.6 And if she is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, a formal act should be carried out against a nun. Of what five? If she tries for the non-receiving (of requisites) by monks, if she tries for non-profiting by monks, if she tries for non-residence by monks, if she reviles and abuses monks, if she makes nuns quarrel with monks. If she is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, Vin.5.196 a formal act should be carried out against a nun.”

Prv.17.8.7 “If a monk is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should he not suspend exhortation for nuns?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities … for nuns. Of what five? If he is unconscientious, and ignorant, and not a regular monk, and if he is one who talks intent on quitting, not intent on removal. If a monk …

Prv.17.8.8 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities … for nuns. Of what five? If he is not quite pure in bodily conduct, if he is not quite pure in verbal conduct, if he is not quite pure in mode of living, if he is ignorant and inexperienced, if on being examined he is not competent to pass an examination. If a monk …

Prv.17.8.9 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli … for nuns. Of what five? If he is possessed of bad bodily conduct, if he is possessed of bad verbal conduct, if he is possessed of bad bodily and verbal conduct, if he is one who reviles and abuses nuns, if he lives in company with nuns, in unbecoming association. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities …

Prv.17.8.10 BD.6.316 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, he should not suspend exhortation for nuns. Of what five? if is unconscientious, and ignorant, and not a regular monk, and if he is a maker of strife, a maker of quarrels, and is not who has fulfilled the training. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities … ”

Prv.17.8.11 “If a monk is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should he not accept exhortation of nuns?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities … of nuns? Of what five? If he is possessed of bad bodily conduct, if he is possessed of bad verbal conduct, if he is possessed of bad bodily and verbal conduct, if he is one who reviles and abuses nuns, if he lives in company with nuns, in unbecoming association. If he is possessed …

Prv.17.8.12 And if he is possessed of five further qualities … of nuns. Of what five? If he is unconscientious, and is ignorant, and is not a regular monk, or if he is setting out on a journey, or if he is ill.[5] If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, he should not accept exhortation of nuns.”

Prv.17.8.13 “If a monk is possessed of how many qualities, revered sir, should he not converse with a nun?”

“If a monk is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, he should not converse with a nun. Of what five? If he is not possessed of an adept’s body of moral conduct, if he is not possessed of an adept’s body of concentration … body of wisdom … body of freedom … Vin.5.197 if he is not possessed of an adept’s body of the knowledge and vision of freedom. If a monk is possessed …

If a monk is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, he may converse with a nun. Of what five? If he is possessed of an adept’s body of moral conduct … If he is possessed of these five …

Prv.17.8.14 And if a monk is possessed of five further qualities, Upāli, he should not converse with a nun. Of what five? If he has not attained to the analytical insight of meanings, if he has not attained to the analytical insight of Dhamma, if he has not attained to the analytical insight of language, if he has BD.6.317 not attained to the analytical insight of perspicuity,[6] if he is not one who reviews the mind according to freedom.[7] If he is possessed of these five …

If a monk is possessed of five qualities, Upāli, he may converse with a nun. Of what five? If he has attained to the analytical insight of meanings … if he is one who reviews the mind according to freedom. If a monk is possessed of these five qualities, Upāli, he may converse with (a nun).”

The Eighth Division: on Exhortation of Nuns

Its Summary

Should be carried out by the nuns themselves,
likewise two further,
Three formal acts for nuns,
two dyads on he should not suspend,
Twice he should not accept is spoken of,
and two dyads on conversings.

Footnotes and references:

1.

The last clause reads obhāsati gihī sampayojeti which is somewhat meaningless. At the parallel passage at Kd.20.9.1 the reading is the more intelligible bhikkhuniyo obhāsanti bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ sampayojenti, they offend nuns, they quarrel (or, associate) together with nuns.

2.

Finding fault with them, Vin-a.1376.

3.

Trying to drive them out of the “village-field” where they are staying.

4.

Parallel passages at Vin.1.84, Vin.2.125 (about monks), Vin.2.18 (about householders).

5.

See Kd.20.9.5.

6.

These four paṭisambhidā (attha, dhamma, nirutti, paṭibhāna) are given at AN.ii.160, AN.iii.113, etc.; also Mil.22.

7.

Vin-a.1377 speaks of the four fruits of freedom.