Vinaya Pitaka (4): Parivara

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 150,781 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It analyses the rules from various points of view. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (fourth part, parivara) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar...

Monks’ Analysis: on How Many Offences? (Saṅghādisesa)

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 1

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.1 Vin.5.34 Emitting semen making an effort he falls into three offences: if he wills, makes an effort, and it is emitted there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order[1]; if he wills, makes an effort, and it is not emitted there is a grave offence[2]; in (a certain) action[3] there is an offence of wrong-doing.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 2

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.2 Coming into physical contact with a woman one falls into three offences: if he rubs (her) body with (his) body there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.[4] If he rubs an article of clothing (of hers) with (his) body there is a grave offence.[5] If he rubs an article of clothing (of hers) with an article of clothing (of his) there is an offence of wrong doing.[6]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 3

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.3 Offending a woman with lewd words he falls into three BD.6.51 offences: pointing out the two privies, if he speaks in praise and speaks in dispraise there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.[7] Leaving out (talk on) the two privies, pointing out any part from below the collar-bone to above the knee, if he speaks in praise and speaks in dispraise there is a grave offence.[8] Pointing out an article of clothing, if he speaks … wrong-doing.[9]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 4

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.4 Speaking in praise of ministering to sense-pleasures for (him)self he falls into three offences; if he speaks … in the presence of a woman, there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order[10]; if he speaks … in the presence of a eunuch there is a grave offence[11]; if he speaks … in the presence of an animal there is an offence of wrong-doing.[12]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 5

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.5 Acting as a go-between he falls into three offences; if he accepts, examines, brings back there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order[13]; if he accepts and examines but does not bring back, there is a grave offence[14]; if he accepts, but does not examine, does not bring back, there is an offence of wrong-doing.[15]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 6

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.6 Begging for having a hut built for oneself he falls into three offences: if he has one built, in (each) operation[16] there is an offence of wrong-doing. If one lump (of plaster) is still to come there is a grave offence;[17] when that lump has come there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.[18]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 7

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.7 Having a large vihāra built …[19] see Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.6.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 8

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.8 Defaming a monk with an unfounded charge of an offence involving Defeat he falls into three offences: if he speaks desiring his expulsion but without having gained his leave there is an offence of wrong-doing together with an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order;[20] if he speaks intending abuse, having gained his leave, there is an offence of insulting speech.[21]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 9

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.9 BD.6.52 Defaming a monk with a charge of an offence involving Defeat, taking up some point as a pretext in a legal question really belonging to something else, he falls into three offences as in Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.9.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 10

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.10 A schismatic monk, though being admonished up to three times but not giving up (his course), falls into three offences: following the motion there is an offence of wrong-doing[22]; following the two resolutions there are grave offences[23]; following the conclusion of the (three) resolutions there is an offence requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order.[24]

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 11

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.11 Vin.5.35 Monks throwing in their lot with a schism, though being admonished up to three times but not giving up (their course), fall into three offences: following the motion[25]as in Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.10.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 12

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.12 A monk who is difficult to speak to, though being admonished up to three times but not giving up (his course) falls into three offences: …[26] as in Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.10.

Monks’ Saṅghādisesa 13

Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.13 A monk who brings a family into disrepute, though being admonished up to three times but not giving up (his course), falls into three offences: …[27] as in Prv.1.2:Bu-Ss.10.

Concluded are the thirteen Offences requiring a Formal Meeting of the Order[28]

Footnotes and references:

3.

payoga, a word which does not appear to occur in Bu-Ss.1. On the other hand, there seem to be only two types of this behaviour which, in this Saṅghādisesa, are ranked as dukkaṭa.

12.

tiracchānagata, animal, does not occur in Bu-Ss.4, nor in the relevant parts of Commentary or Kaṅkhāvitaraṇī.

16.

payoge, but at Vin.3.151 payoge payoge.

20.

The parallel paragraph at Vin.3.166 gives four types of offence: saṅghādisesena dukkaṭa, saṅghādisesa, omasavādena dukkaṭa, and omasavāda possible therefore that a clause has been omitted above.

21.

The parallel paragraph at Vin.3.166 gives four types of offence: saṅghādisesena dukkaṭa, saṅghādisesa, omasavādena dukkaṭa, and omasavāda. It is possible therefore that a clause has been omitted above.

28.

The Undetermined Offences are omitted as they cannot be treated by this method.