Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

दुर्दृशं सत्यम् अचलं सुदृशं प्रतिविध्यतः ।
तृष्णा क्षयं पश्यतो हि दुह्खस्यान्तो निरुच्यते ॥ १४ ॥

durdṛśaṃ satyam acalaṃ sudṛśaṃ pratividhyataḥ |
tṛṣṇā kṣayaṃ paśyato hi duhkhasyānto nirucyate || 14 ||

The English translation of Verse 26.14 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (26.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Durdrish, Durdrisha, Satyam, Satya, Acala, Sudrish, Sudrisha, Pratividhi, Atah, Trishna, Kshaya, Pashyat, Pashyata, Nih, Ucyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 26.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “durdṛśaṃ satyam acalaṃ sudṛśaṃ pratividhyataḥ
  • durdṛśam -
  • durdṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durdṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    durdṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    durdṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • satyam -
  • satyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    satya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • acalam -
  • acala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    acala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    acalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    cal (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • sudṛśam -
  • sudṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sudṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sudṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pratividhya -
  • pratividhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ataḥ -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “tṛṣṇā kṣayaṃ paśyato hi duhkhasyānto nirucyate
  • tṛṣṇā -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣayam -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • paśyato* -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Cannot analyse duhkhasyānto*ni
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
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