Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

अभूत् पूर्वे ततो नाभून् नाभूत् पूर्वे ततो ह्य् अभूत् ।
न चाभून् न भविष्यति न वाप्य् एतर्हि विद्यते ॥ १३ ॥

abhūt pūrve tato nābhūn nābhūt pūrve tato hy abhūt |
na cābhūn na bhaviṣyati na vāpy etarhi vidyate || 13 ||

The English translation of Verse 26.13 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (26.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purva, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nri, Bhavishyat, Etarhi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 26.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “abhūt pūrve tato nābhūn nābhūt pūrve tato hy abhūt
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • pūrve -
  • pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhūn -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • pūrve -
  • pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tato* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ab
  • abhūt -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • Line 2: “na cābhūn na bhaviṣyati na vāpy etarhi vidyate
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhūn -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhaviṣyati -
  • bhaviṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhaviṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse vāpy*et
  • etarhi -
  • etarhi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etarhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: