Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

छित्त्वा तृष्णां प्रशाम्येह रजः सर्वं समाहितः ।
विशोषयित्वा सरितां दुह्खस्यान्तो निरुच्यते ॥ १५ ॥

chittvā tṛṣṇāṃ praśāmyeha rajaḥ sarvaṃ samāhitaḥ |
viśoṣayitvā saritāṃ duhkhasyānto nirucyate || 15 ||

The English translation of Verse 26.15 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (26.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Trishna, Prasham, Eha, Raja, Rajas, Sarvam, Sarva, Samahita, Sarit, Sarita, Nih, Ucyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 26.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “chittvā tṛṣṇāṃ praśāmyeha rajaḥ sarvaṃ samāhitaḥ
  • chittvā -
  • chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
    chid -> chittvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √chid]
  • tṛṣṇām -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • praśāmye -
  • praśām (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    praśām (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [nominative plural], [vocative dual], [vocative plural], [accusative dual], [accusative plural], [locative single]
  • eha -
  • eha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rajaḥ -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • samāhitaḥ -
  • samāhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “viśoṣayitvā saritāṃ duhkhasyānto nirucyate
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śoṣayitvā -
  • śuṣ -> śoṣayitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śuṣ]
  • saritām -
  • sarit (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    saritā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse duhkhasyānto*ni
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
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