Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

आध्यात्मं च प्रजानाति बहिर्धा च विपश्यति ।
स तु निह्सरण प्रज्ञो न वै घोषेण नीयते ॥ १६ ॥

ādhyātmaṃ ca prajānāti bahirdhā ca vipaśyati |
sa tu nihsaraṇa prajño na vai ghoṣeṇa nīyate || 16 ||

The English translation of Verse 22.16 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (22.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adhyatma, Prajana, Ati, Bahirdha, Vipa, Shyat, Prajna, Ghosha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 22.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ādhyātmaṃ ca prajānāti bahirdhā ca vipaśyati
  • ādhyātmam -
  • ādhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ādhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prajānā -
  • prajānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bahirdhā -
  • bahirdhā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bahirdhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vipa -
  • vipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śyati -
  • śā -> śyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā -> śyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “sa tu nihsaraṇa prajño na vai ghoṣeṇa nīyate
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • Cannot analyse nihsaraṇa*pr
  • prajño* -
  • prajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • ghoṣeṇa -
  • ghoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • nīyate -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
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