Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

कुर्वाणो हि सदा प्राज्ञो दृढम् एव पराक्रमेत् ।
शिथिला खलु प्रव्रज्या ह्य् आददाति पुनो रजः ॥ २ ॥

kurvāṇo hi sadā prājño dṛḍham eva parākramet |
śithilā khalu pravrajyā hy ādadāti puno rajaḥ || 2 ||

The English translation of Verse 11.2 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kurvana, Sada, Sad, Prajna, Dridha, Eva, Parak, Shithila, Khalu, Puna, Raja, Rajas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 11.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kurvāṇo hi sadā prājño dṛḍham eva parākramet
  • kurvāṇo* -
  • kurvāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ -> kurvāṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sadā -
  • sadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prājño* -
  • prājña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dṛḍham -
  • dṛḍha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛḍha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛḍhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parāk -
  • parāk (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ramet -
  • ram (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “śithilā khalu pravrajyā hy ādadāti puno rajaḥ
  • śithilā -
  • śithilā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pravrajyā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ād
  • ādad -
  • ad (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • āti -
  • āti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • puno* -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • rajaḥ -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
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