Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यत् किंचित् शिथिलं कर्म संक्लिष्टं वापि यत् तपः ।
अपरिशुद्धं ब्रह्मचर्यं न तद् भवति महाफलम् ॥ ३ ॥

yat kiṃcit śithilaṃ karma saṃkliṣṭaṃ vāpi yat tapaḥ |
apariśuddhaṃ brahmacaryaṃ na tad bhavati mahāphalam || 3 ||

The English translation of Verse 11.3 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Kincid, Kincit, Shithilam, Shithila, Karman, Sanklishta, Vapi, Vapin, Tap, Tapa, Tapas, Apari, Shuddha, Brahmacarya, Tad, Tat, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Mahaphala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 11.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yat kiṃcit śithilaṃ karma saṃkliṣṭaṃ vāpi yat tapaḥ
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kiñcit -
  • kiñcid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    kiñcit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kiñcit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kiñcit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śithilam -
  • śithilam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    śithila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śithila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śithilā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • saṅkliṣṭam -
  • saṅkliṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṅkliṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṅkliṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vāpi -
  • vāpi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tapaḥ -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “apariśuddhaṃ brahmacaryaṃ na tad bhavati mahāphalam
  • apari -
  • aparī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • śuddham -
  • śuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śudh -> śuddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 4 verb]
    śudh -> śuddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śudh class 4 verb]
  • brahmacaryam -
  • brahmacarya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • mahāphalam -
  • mahāphala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahāphala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mahāphalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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