Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.31

आशया समभिक्रान्ता घार्यमाणाः स्वकर्मभिः ।
लभन्ते न ह्यमी भोक्तुं प्रवृद्धान्यशुचीन्यपि ॥ ३१ ॥

āśayā samabhikrāntā ghāryamāṇāḥ svakarmabhiḥ |
labhante na hyamī bhoktuṃ pravṛddhānyaśucīnyapi || 31 ||

'Rushing up filled with hope but held back by their former deeds, they try in vain to eat anything large, however impure.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Asha, Ashaya, Abhikranta, Gharya, Svakarman, Amin, Adah, Pravriddha, Ashuci, Api,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “āśayā samabhikrāntā ghāryamāṇāḥ svakarmabhiḥ
  • āśayā -
  • āśā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    āśayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abhikrāntā* -
  • abhikrānta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhikrāntā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ghāryam -
  • ghṛ -> ghārya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ghṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ghṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √ghṛ class 5 verb]
    ghṛ -> ghārya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ghṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ghṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ghṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √ghṛ class 3 verb], [nominative single from √ghṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √ghṛ class 5 verb]
  • āṇā -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    aṇ (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • svakarmabhiḥ -
  • svakarman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line2: “labhante na hyamī bhoktuṃ pravṛddhānyaśucīnyapi
  • labhante -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • amī -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • bhoktum -
  • bhuj -> bhoktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhoktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √bhuj]
    bhuj -> bhoktum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √bhuj]
  • pravṛddhānya -
  • pravṛddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • aśucīnya -
  • aśuci (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.31

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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