Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.30

पुरुषो यदि जानीत मात्सर्यस्येदृशं फलम् ।
सर्वथा शिविवद्दद्याच्छरीरावयवानपि ॥ ३० ॥

puruṣo yadi jānīta mātsaryasyedṛśaṃ phalam |
sarvathā śivivaddadyāccharīrāvayavānapi || 30 ||

'If a man only knew that such was the consequence of selfishness, he would always give to others even pieces of his own body like Shibi.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purusha, Yadi, Yad, Matsarya, Idrish, Idrisha, Phala, Sarvatha, Shivi, Shariravayava, Api,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “puruṣo yadi jānīta mātsaryasyedṛśaṃ phalam
  • puruṣo* -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yadi -
  • yadi (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    yadi (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jānīta -
  • jñā (verb class 9)
    [optative middle third single], [imperative active second plural]
  • mātsaryasye -
  • mātsarya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • īdṛśam -
  • īdṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    īdṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    īdṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    īdṛś (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    īdṛś (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • phalam -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    phalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “sarvathā śivivaddadyāccharīrāvayavānapi
  • sarvathā -
  • sarvathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • śivi -
  • śivi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śivi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śivi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • va -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ad -
  • ad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dadyācch -
  • (verb class 3)
    [optative active third single]
  • śarīrāvayavān -
  • śarīrāvayava (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.30

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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