Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.32

इमे ऽन्ये नरकं प्राप्य गर्भसञ्ज्ञे ऽशुचिह्रदे ।
उपपन्ना मनुष्येषु दुःखमर्छन्ति जन्तवः ॥ ३२ ॥

ime 'nye narakaṃ prāpya garbhasañjñe 'śucihrade |
upapannā manuṣyeṣu duḥkhamarchanti jantavaḥ || 32 ||

'Others, having found a hell in an impure lake called the womb, are born amongst men and there suffer anguish.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.32). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iyam, Idam, Anya, Naraka, Prapya, Garbha, Sanjna, Ashuci, Hrada, Upapanna, Manushya, Duhkham, Duhkha, Jantu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.32). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “ime 'nye narakaṃ prāpya garbhasañjñe 'śucihrade
  • ime' -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • anye -
  • anya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    anyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • narakam -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • prāpya -
  • prāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • garbha -
  • garbha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sañjñe' -
  • sañjña (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sañjña (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sañjñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • aśuci -
  • aśuci (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    aśuci (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aśuci (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • hrade -
  • hrada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hradā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line2: “upapannā manuṣyeṣu duḥkhamarchanti jantavaḥ
  • upapannā* -
  • upapanna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    upapannā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • manuṣyeṣu -
  • manuṣyeṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    manuṣya (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    manuṣya (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • ṛchanti -
  • ṛch (verb class 6)
    [present active third plural]
  • jantavaḥ -
  • jantu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.32

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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