Ashaya, Āśaya, Āsaya, Asaya: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Ashaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āśaya can be transliterated into English as Asaya or Ashaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Āśaya (कला) refers to the “viscera” (abdominal organs). The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Āśaya (“viscera”) are so-called as food, doṣas, malas etc. are located there. Srotas are the cannels by which these are transported.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Āśayā (आशया):—[āśayāḥ] Some particular organs, or group of organs which are container of something

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āśaya (आशय).—The cause of karmas which in turn lead to birth.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 30.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Āśaya (आशय) refers to “intention”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly as The Lord said: “O Śāriputra, in the buddha-field of the Tathāgata Ekaratnavyūha, there is a Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja who is resplendent by the splendor of merit (puṇya-tejas), [...] who is adorned with recollection (smṛti) because of his learning (śruti), is adorned with truth (satya) because of his introspection (nidhyapti), who is adorned with the understanding of meaning (arthagati) because of understanding (gati), who is adorned with promises because of intention (āśaya), [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Āśaya (आशय) refers to the “intention (of living beings)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That (i.e. meditation) is reckoned to be of three kinds by some who have a liking for conciseness from the [Jain] canon which ascertains the nature of the self because the intention of living beings is of three kinds (jīva-āśaya). Now the three— In that regard, it is said that the first is auspicious intention, its opposite is inauspicious intention [and] the third is called pure intention”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āsaya : (m.) 1. abode; haunt; 2. deposit; 3. inclination.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āsaya, (ā + śī, cp. in similar meaning & derivation anusaya. The semantically related Sk. āśraya from ā + śri is in P. represented by assaya. Cp. also BSk. āśayataḥ intentionally, in earnest Divy 281; Av. Ś II. 161) — 1. abode, haunt, receptacle; dependence on, refuge, support, condition S. I, 38; Vin. III, 151; J. II, 99; Miln. 257; VvA. 60; PvA. 210; jal° river VvA. 47; Pgdp 80; adj. depending on, living in (-°) Miln. 317; Nd1 362 (bil°, dak° etc.). See also āmāsaya, pakkāsaya.—2. (fig.) inclination, intention, will, hope; often combd. & compared with anusaya (inclination, hankering, disposition), e.g. at Ps. I, 133; II, 158; Vbh. 340; Vism. 140 (°posana); PvA. 197. ‹-› SnA 182 (°vipatti), 314 (°suddhi), KhA 103 (°sampatti). Cp. nirāsaya.—3. outflow, excretion Pv III, 53 (gabbh° = gabbha-mala PvA. 198); Vism. 344. (Page 114)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āśaya (आशय).—m (S) Purpose, intention, aim, object, meaning, mind. 2 Place, seat, abode, receptacle. In comp. as annāśaya, ahāṅkārāśaya, jalāśaya, pittā- śaya, malāśaya, mūtrāśaya.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āśaya (आशय).—m Purpose, meaning. Seat, abode, as in jalāśaya.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āśaya (आशय).—&c. See under आशी (āśī).

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Āśaya (आशय).—[ā-śī-ac]

1) A bed-chamber, resting-place, asylum.

2) A place of residence, abode, seat, retreat; वायुर्गन्धानिवाशयात् (vāyurgandhānivāśayāt) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 15.8; अपृथक्° (apṛthak°) Uttararāmacarita 1.45. v. l.

3) Sleeping, lying down.

4) Receptacle, reservoir; विषमोऽपि विगाह्यते नयः कृततीर्थः पयसामिवाशयः (viṣamo'pi vigāhyate nayaḥ kṛtatīrthaḥ payasāmivāśayaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 2.3; cf. also words like जलाशय, आमाशय, रक्ताशय (jalāśaya, āmāśaya, raktāśaya) &c.; कामात्पिबति चाशयान् (kāmātpibati cāśayān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.236.24.

5) Any recipient vessel of the body; the Āśayas are 7:वात°, पित्त°, श्लेष्मन्°, रक्त°, आम°, पक्व° (vāta°, pitta°, śleṣman°, rakta°, āma°, pakva°) (and garbha° in the case of women).

6) The stomach; आशयाग्निदीप्तिः (āśayāgnidīptiḥ) Daśakumāracarita 16.

7) Meaning, intention, purport, gist; अर्थेन्द्रियाशयज्ञानैर्भगवान्परिभाव्यते (arthendriyāśayajñānairbhagavānparibhāvyate) Bhāgavata 12.11.22. इत्याशयः (ityāśayaḥ); एवं कवेराशयः (evaṃ kaverāśayaḥ) (oft. used by commentators; see abhiprāya).

8) The seat of feelings, mind, heart; तन्मे दहति गात्राणि विषं पीतमिवाशये (tanme dahati gātrāṇi viṣaṃ pītamivāśaye) Rām.6.5.6. अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभूताशयस्थितः (ahamātmā guḍākeśa sarvabhūtāśayasthitaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.2; Mv.2.37.

9) Disposition of mind; द्रव्यस्वभावाशयकर्मकालैरेकादशामी मनसो विकारः (dravyasvabhāvāśayakarmakālairekādaśāmī manaso vikāraḥ) Bhāgavata 5.11.11.

1) Prosperity.

11) A barn.

12) Will or pleasure.

13) Virtue or vice (as the eventual cause of pleasure or pain).

14) Fate, fortune.

15) Property, possession.

16) A miser.

17) A kind of pit (made for catching animals); आस्ते परमसंतप्तो नूनं सिंह इवाशये (āste paramasaṃtapto nūnaṃ siṃha ivāśaye) Mb.

18) Name of a tree (panasa).

Derivable forms: āśayaḥ (आशयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āśaya (आशय).—as in Sanskrit, and Pali āsaya, mental disposition, intent (La Vallée-Poussin, Abhidharmakośa iv.24 intention); common, but not specifically Buddhist, except the adverbs āśayena heartily, earnestly Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 12.9 (ms. āśrayena; compare adhyāśayena), and āśayataḥ ibid. Mahāvyutpatti 7119; Divyāvadāna 281.4, 10; Avadāna-śataka ii.151.2; Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 16(352).11. The mgs. abode, basis etc. are also standard Sanskrit Cf. adhyāśaya, which is speci- fically Buddhist. If Senart is right in keeping āsayāni in Mahāvastu iii.400.3, it would have to be understood as = āśayāni, (evil) intentions or inclinations; but see āsaya. Often [compound] with anuśaya, q.v.

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Āsaya (आसय).—(?) , nt., in Mahāvastu iii.400.3 hitvā ālayāni (see ālaya) āsayāni (v.l. āsanāni); the Pali parallel Sn 535 reads āsavāni = [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] āśravāṇi, ās°, which must probably be read, since āśaya (q.v.) seems not to be used in a pejorative sense, and no other interpretation for āsaya seems possible.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśaya (आशय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Meaning, intention. 2. Free will or pleasure. 3. An asylum, an abode or retreat. 4. receptacle, a recipient. 5. Any recipient or containing vessel or viscus of the body, as raktāśaya the heart, āmāśaya the stomach, &c. 6. The stomach in particular. 7. The mind. 8. Property, possessions. 9. A miser, a niggard. 10. Virtue and vice. 11. Fate, fortune. 12. The Jack, a kind of breadfruit tree. E. āṅ before śīṅ to rest, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśaya (आशय).—i. e. ā-śī + a, m. 1. A seat, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 20, 128. 2. A den, Mahābhārata 3, 1387. 3. An asylum, Pañc, 141, 1. 4. The stomach, [Daśakumāracarita] 189, 11 (Wils.). 5. The heart, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 1; Mind, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 20. 6. Intention, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 12, 73.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśaya (आशय).—[masculine] resting-place, couch, abode, retreat, seat, [especially] of feelings and thoughts, i.e. heart, mind; intention, disposition.

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Āsayā (आसया).—([instrumental] [adverb]) before one’s eyes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśāya (अशाय):—[from ] a [Nominal verb] [Ātmanepada] ([imperfect tense] aśāyata) to reach, [Ṛg-veda x, 92, 1.]

2) b [Nominal verb] [Ātmanepada] See √1. .

3) Āśaya (आशय):—a etc. See 3. ā-√śī.

4) [=ā-śaya] [from ā-śī] b m. resting-place, bed, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] seat, place

6) [v.s. ...] an asylum, abode or retreat, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a receptacle

8) [v.s. ...] any recipient

9) [v.s. ...] any vessel of the body (e.g. raktāśaya, ‘the receptacle of blood’ id est. the heart; āmāśaya, the stomach etc.), [Suśruta]

10) [v.s. ...] the stomach

11) [v.s. ...] the abdomen, [Suśruta]

12) [v.s. ...] the seat of feelings and thoughts, the mind, heart, soul, [Yājñavalkya; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] thought, meaning, intention, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Kathāsaritsāgara; Pañcatantra]

14) [v.s. ...] disposition of mind, mode of thinking

15) [v.s. ...] (in Yoga [philosophy]) ‘stock’ or ‘the balance of the fruits of previous works, which lie stored up in the mind in the form of mental deposits of merit or demerit, until they ripen in the individual soul’s own experience into rank, years, and enjoyment’ (Cowell’s translation of [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha 168, 16 ff.])

16) [v.s. ...] the will

17) [v.s. ...] pleasure

18) [v.s. ...] virtue

19) [v.s. ...] vice

20) [v.s. ...] fate

21) [v.s. ...] fortune

22) [v.s. ...] property

23) [v.s. ...] a miser, niggard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

24) [v.s. ...] Name of the plant Artocarpus Integrifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

25) Āsayā (आसया):—See 4. ās.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśaya (आशय):—[ā-śaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Meaning; asylum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āśaya (आशय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āsaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āśaya (आशय) [Also spelled ashay]:—(nm) intention, intent, design; purport, import, meaning; receptacle.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Asāya (असाय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Asāta.

2) Āsaya (आसय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āśrī.

3) Āsaya (आसय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āśaka.

4) Āsaya (आसय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āśraya.

5) Āsaya (आसय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Āśaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āśaya (ಆಶಯ):—

1) [noun] anything intended or planned; an aim; an end or purpose; intention.

2) [noun] opinion a) a belief not based on absolute certainty or positive knowledge but on what seems true, valid or probable to one’s own mind; judgಎment; b) an evaluation, impression or estimation of the quality or worth of a person or thing.

3) [noun] the mind or heart as a seat of feeling.

4) [noun] a place of dwelling or shelter; or that which supports; a support; a prop.

5) [noun] a container or a place that holds water; a water vessel; a reservoir; a lake.

6) [noun] a bag; a pouch; a cover.

7) [noun] the process of educating and refining one’s mind, way of thinking, attitude, etc.

8) [noun] water.

9) [noun] a thing or things owned; possessions collectively; esp., land or real estate owned; property.

10) [noun] the tree Artocarpus integra (=A. heterophyllus) of Moraceae family; jack tree.

11) [noun] its fruit; jack fruit.

12) [noun] a man giving or spending grudgingly or only through necessity; a miserly man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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