Yoga Vasistha [sanskrit]

223,437 words | ISBN-10: 8171101519

The Sanskrit edition of the Yoga-vasistha including English translation and grammatical analysis. The Yogavasistha is a Hindu spiritual text written by Valmiki (who also authored the Ramayana) dealing with the philosophical topics from the Advaita-vedanta school. Chronologically it precedes the Ramayana.

Verse 1.1.38

परोत्कर्षासहिष्णुत्वं स्पर्धा चैव समैश्च तैः ।
कनिष्ठेषु च संतोषो यावत्पुण्यक्षयो भवेत् ॥ ३८ ॥

parotkarṣāsahiṣṇutvaṃ spardhā caiva samaiśca taiḥ |
kaniṣṭheṣu ca saṃtoṣo yāvatpuṇyakṣayo bhavet || 38 ||

But one's virtue is destroyed by his impatience at the excellence of his betters, by his haughtiness to his equals, and by his joy at the inferiority of others.

English translation by Vihari-Lala Mitra (1891) Read online Buy now!

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Yoga Vasistha Verse 1.1.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “parotkarṣāsahiṣṇutvaṃ spardhā caiva samaiśca taiḥ”
  • paro -
  • para (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    para (vocative single)
    para (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    para (vocative single)
    parā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    parā (nominative single)
    paru (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    paro (vocative single)
  • utkarṣā -
  • utkarṣa (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    utkarṣa (vocative single)
    utkarṣa (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    utkarṣa (vocative single)
    utkarṣā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    utkarṣā (nominative single)
    utkarṣā (nominative single)
  • asahiṣṇutvam -
  • asahiṣṇutva (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    asahiṣṇutvam (adverb)
    asahiṣṇutvam (nominative single)
    asahiṣṇutvam (accusative single)
  • spardhā -
  • spardhā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    spardhā (nominative single)
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    (nominative single)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • samaiś -
  • sama (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    samaiḥ (instrumental plural)
    sama (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    samaiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • taiḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    ta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • Line 2: “kaniṣṭheṣu ca saṃtoṣo yāvatpuṇyakṣayo bhavet”
  • kaniṣṭheṣu -
  • kaniṣṭha (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kaniṣṭheṣu (locative plural)
    kaniṣṭha (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    kaniṣṭheṣu (locative plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • santoṣo* -
  • santoṣa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    santoṣaḥ (nominative single)
  • yāvat -
  • yāvat (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    yāvat (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    yāvat (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    (compound)
    yāvat (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    yāvat (nominative single)
    yāvat (vocative single)
    yāvat (accusative single)
  • puṇya -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    puṇya (vocative single)
    puṇya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    puṇya (vocative single)
    puṇ -> puṇya (absolutive); (1 der.)
    (absolutive), from √puṇ
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    puṇya (vocative single), from √puṇ (class 10 verb)
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    puṇya (vocative single), from √puṇ (class 10 verb)
  • kṣayo* -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kṣayaḥ (nominative single)
    kṣi (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    kṣayaḥ (nominative plural)
    kṣayaḥ (vocative plural)
  • bhavet -
  • bhū (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    bhavet (optative active third single)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: Consider this as an approximate extraction of glossary words based on an experimental segmentation of the Sanskrit verse (1.1.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Para (पर, parā, परा): defined in 2 categories.
Utkarsha (utkarsa, utkarṣa, उत्कर्ष, utkarṣā, उत्कर्षा): defined in 1 categories.
Spardha (spardhā, स्पर्धा): defined in 1 categories.
Ca (च, cā, चा): defined in 1 categories.
Sama (सम): defined in 2 categories.
Ta (त): defined in 2 categories.
Kanishtha (kanistha, kaniṣṭha, कनिष्ठ): defined in 2 categories.
Kshaya (ksaya, kṣaya, क्षय): defined in 2 categories.

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