Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 10.85.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्तोमा॑ आसन्प्रति॒धय॑: कु॒रीरं॒ छन्द॑ ओप॒शः । सू॒र्याया॑ अ॒श्विना॑ व॒राग्निरा॑सीत्पुरोग॒वः ॥
स्तोमा आसन्प्रतिधयः कुरीरं छन्द ओपशः । सूर्याया अश्विना वराग्निरासीत्पुरोगवः ॥
stomā āsan pratidhayaḥ kurīraṃ chanda opaśaḥ | sūryāyā aśvinā varāgnir āsīt purogavaḥ ||

English translation:

“Hymns were the cross-bars (of the car); the Kurīra metre was the thong of the whip; the Aśvins wereSūrya's groomsmen; Agni was the leader of the procession.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Thong of the whip: or tuft of hair; cf. go opaśa: RV6.53.9; Aśvins were Sūrya's groomsmen: Prajāpati Savitā had offered his daughter Sūrya to Soma: AitareyaBrāhmaṇa 4.7

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): sūryā sāvitrī;
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): sūryāvivāhaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdanuṣṭup;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

स्तोमाः॑ । आ॒स॒न् । प्र॒ति॒ऽधयः॑ । कु॒रीर॑म् । छन्दः॑ । ओ॒प॒शः । सू॒र्यायाः॑ । अ॒श्विना॑ । व॒रा । अ॒ग्निः । आ॒सी॒त् । पु॒रः॒ऽग॒वः ॥
स्तोमाः । आसन् । प्रतिधयः । कुरीरम् । छन्दः । ओपशः । सूर्यायाः । अश्विना । वरा । अग्निः । आसीत् । पुरःगवः ॥
stomāḥ | āsan | prati-dhayaḥ | kurīram | chandaḥ | opaśaḥ | sūryāyāḥ | aśvinā | varā | agniḥ | āsīt | puraḥ-gavaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.85.8 English analysis of grammar]

stomā < stomāḥ < stoma

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

āsan < as

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

pratidhayaḥ < pratidhi

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

kurīraṃ < kurīram < kurīra

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

chanda < chandaḥ < chandas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“Veda; meter; chandas [word]; hymn; meter; meter.”

opaśaḥ < opaśa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

sūryāyā < sūryāyāḥ < sūryā

[noun], genitive, singular, feminine

“Citrullus colocynthis Schrad..”

aśvinā < aśvin

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“Asvins; two.”

varāgnir < varā < vara

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“suitor; groom; husband; Vara; lover.”

varāgnir < agniḥ < agni

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“fire; Agni; sacrificial fire; digestion; cautery; Plumbago zeylanica; fire; vahni; agni [word]; agnikarman; gold; three; jāraṇa; pyre; fireplace; heating.”

āsīt < as

[verb], singular, Imperfect

“be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

purogavaḥ < purogava

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

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