Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.14

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अव॒ त्वे इ॑न्द्र प्र॒वतो॒ नोर्मिर्गिरो॒ ब्रह्मा॑णि नि॒युतो॑ धवन्ते । उ॒रू न राध॒: सव॑ना पु॒रूण्य॒पो गा व॑ज्रिन्युवसे॒ समिन्दू॑न् ॥
अव त्वे इन्द्र प्रवतो नोर्मिर्गिरो ब्रह्माणि नियुतो धवन्ते । उरू न राधः सवना पुरूण्यपो गा वज्रिन्युवसे समिन्दून् ॥
ava tve indra pravato normir giro brahmāṇi niyuto dhavante | urū na rādhaḥ savanā purūṇy apo gā vajrin yuvase sam indūn ||

English translation:

“To you the praises and prayers of the worshipper hasten like a torrent down a declivity; and you thunderer, aggregate the immense wealth (of sacrificial offerings), copious libations, and milk, and the Soma.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Apo gāḥ yuvase samindūn: apo = vasatīvarī which is said by Kātyāyana Sūtra 8.9.7-10 to be portions of water taken from a running stream on the evening previous to the ceremony, and kept in jars in different parts of the sacrificial chamber, to be mixed with the Soma; cf. Taittirīya Yajus., Prapāṭhaka III. Anuvāka XII).


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): svarāṭpaṅkti;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अव॑ । त्वे इति॑ । इ॒न्द्र॒ । प्र॒ऽवतः॑ । न । ऊ॒र्मिः । गिरः॑ । ब्रह्मा॑णि । नि॒ऽयुतः॑ । ध॒व॒न्ते॒ । उ॒रु । न । राधः॑ । सव॑ना । पु॒रूणि॑ । अ॒पः । गाः । व॒ज्रि॒न् । यु॒व॒से॒ । सम् । इन्दू॑न् ॥
अव । त्वे इति । इन्द्र । प्रवतः । न । ऊर्मिः । गिरः । ब्रह्माणि । नियुतः । धवन्ते । उरु । न । राधः । सवना । पुरूणि । अपः । गाः । वज्रिन् । युवसे । सम् । इन्दून् ॥
ava | tve iti | indra | pra-vataḥ | na | ūrmiḥ | giraḥ | brahmāṇi | ni-yutaḥ | dhavante | uru | na | rādhaḥ | savanā | purūṇi | apaḥ | gāḥ | vajrin | yuvase | sam | indūn

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.14 English analysis of grammar]




tve < tvad

[noun], locative, singular



[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

pravato < pravataḥ < pravat

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“slope; river.”

normir < < na


“not; like; no; na [word].”

normir < ūrmiḥ < ūrmi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“wave; billow.”

giro < giraḥ < gir

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

brahmāṇi < brahman

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“brahman; mantra; prayer; spell; Veda; Brahmin; sacred text; final emancipation; hymn; brahman [word]; Brāhmaṇa; study.”

niyuto < niyutaḥ < niyut

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“gift; team.”

dhavante < dhav

[verb], plural, Present indikative

urū < uru

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“wide; broad; great; uru [word]; much(a); excellent.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

rādhaḥ < rādhas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“gift; munificence; liberality; bounty.”

savanā < savana

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“yajña; savana [word]; Snāna; Soma sacrifice; press.”

purūṇy < purūṇi < puru

[noun], nominative, plural, neuter

“many; much(a); very.”

apo < apaḥ < ap

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

< gāḥ < go

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Indra; vajra; Euphorbia neriifolia L.; abhra; Buddha.”

yuvase < yu

[verb], singular, Present indikative




“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

indūn < indu

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“moon; Soma; drop; anusvāra; one; Candra; silver; camphor; point; juice.”

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