Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.145.22

तामुपेत्य महात्मानः सह तैर्ब्राह्मणर्षभैः ।
अवतेरुस्ततः सर्वे राक्षसस्कन्धतः शनैः ॥ २२ ॥

tāmupetya mahātmānaḥ saha tairbrāhmaṇarṣabhaiḥ |
avaterustataḥ sarve rākṣasaskandhataḥ śanaiḥ || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...lion with another lion while he despatched the others with slaps. And on being struck by Bhima the lions and the tigers and the leopards, in fright gave loud cries and discharged urine...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.145.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahatman, Saha, Tad, Brahmana, Rishabha, Avat, Avata, Tatah, Tata, Sarva, Rakshasa, Skandha, Tas, Shanaih, Shana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.145.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tāmupetya mahātmānaḥ saha tairbrāhmaṇarṣabhaiḥ
  • tāmu -
  • tāmu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • petya -
  • mahātmānaḥ -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saha -
  • saha (indeclinable postposition)
    [indeclinable postposition]
    saha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sah (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tair -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • brāhmaṇar -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brāhmaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brāhmaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣabhaiḥ -
  • ṛṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “avaterustataḥ sarve rākṣasaskandhataḥ śanaiḥ
  • avate -
  • avat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    avat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    avata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    avatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    u -> avat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √u class 1 verb]
    u -> avat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √u class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • rus -
  • ru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • rākṣasa -
  • rākṣasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rākṣasa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • skandha -
  • skandha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • taḥ -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śanaiḥ -
  • śanaiḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.145.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.145.22 in Kannada sript:
ತಾಮುಪೇತ್ಯ ಮಹಾತ್ಮಾನಃ ಸಹ ತೈರ್ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರ್ಷಭೈಃ ।
ಅವತೇರುಸ್ತತಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ರಾಕ್ಷಸಸ್ಕನ್ಧತಃ ಶನೈಃ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.145.22 in Bengali sript:
তামুপেত্য মহাত্মানঃ সহ তৈর্ব্রাহ্মণর্ষভৈঃ ।
অবতেরুস্ততঃ সর্বে রাক্ষসস্কন্ধতঃ শনৈঃ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.145.22 in Gujarati sript:
તામુપેત્ય મહાત્માનઃ સહ તૈર્બ્રાહ્મણર્ષભૈઃ ।
અવતેરુસ્તતઃ સર્વે રાક્ષસસ્કન્ધતઃ શનૈઃ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.145.22 in Malayalam sript:
താമുപേത്യ മഹാത്മാനഃ സഹ തൈര്ബ്രാഹ്മണര്ഷഭൈഃ ।
അവതേരുസ്തതഃ സര്വേ രാക്ഷസസ്കന്ധതഃ ശനൈഃ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.145.22 in Telugu sript:
తాముపేత్య మహాత్మానః సహ తైర్బ్రాహ్మణర్షభైః ।
అవతేరుస్తతః సర్వే రాక్షసస్కన్ధతః శనైః ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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