Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.89.12

तेषां तंसुर्महावीर्यः पौरवं वंशमुद्वहन् ।
आजहार यशो दीप्तं जिगाय च वसुंधराम् ॥ १२ ॥

teṣāṃ taṃsurmahāvīryaḥ pauravaṃ vaṃśamudvahan |
ājahāra yaśo dīptaṃ jigāya ca vasuṃdharām || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...king, it has been heard by us that while Samvarana, the son of Riksha, was ruling the earth, there happened a great loss of people from famine, pestilence, drought, and disease. And the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.89.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tamsu, Mahavirya, Paurava, Vamsha, Udvahat, Aja, Hara, Yasha, Yashas, Dipta, Vasundhara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.89.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “teṣāṃ taṃsurmahāvīryaḥ pauravaṃ vaṃśamudvahan
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • taṃsur -
  • taṃsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahāvīryaḥ -
  • mahāvīrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pauravam -
  • paurava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    paurava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vaṃśam -
  • vaṃśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaṃśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • udvahan -
  • udvahat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “ājahāra yaśo dīptaṃ jigāya ca vasuṃdharām
  • āja -
  • āja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • hāra -
  • hāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yaśo* -
  • yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dīptam -
  • dīpta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dīpta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dīptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jigāya -
  • ji (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    ji (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vasundharām -
  • vasundharā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.89.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.89.12 in Kannada sript:
ತೇಷಾಂ ತಂಸುರ್ಮಹಾವೀರ್ಯಃ ಪೌರವಂ ವಂಶಮುದ್ವಹನ್ ।
ಆಜಹಾರ ಯಶೋ ದೀಪ್ತಂ ಜಿಗಾಯ ಚ ವಸುಂಧರಾಮ್ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.89.12 in Bengali sript:
তেষাং তংসুর্মহাবীর্যঃ পৌরবং বংশমুদ্বহন্ ।
আজহার যশো দীপ্তং জিগায চ বসুংধরাম্ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.89.12 in Gujarati sript:
તેષાં તંસુર્મહાવીર્યઃ પૌરવં વંશમુદ્વહન્ ।
આજહાર યશો દીપ્તં જિગાય ચ વસુંધરામ્ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.89.12 in Malayalam sript:
തേഷാം തംസുര്മഹാവീര്യഃ പൌരവം വംശമുദ്വഹന് ।
ആജഹാര യശോ ദീപ്തം ജിഗായ ച വസുംധരാമ് ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.89.12 in Telugu sript:
తేషాం తంసుర్మహావీర్యః పౌరవం వంశముద్వహన్ ।
ఆజహార యశో దీప్తం జిగాయ చ వసుంధరామ్ ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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