Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

janamejaya uvāca |
bhagavañśrotumicchāmi pūrorvaṃśakarānnṛpān |
yadvīryā yādṛśāścaiva yāvanto yatparākramāḥ || 1 ||
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na hyasmiñśīlahīno vā nirvīryo vā narādhipaḥ |
prajāvirahito vāpi bhūtapūrvaḥ kadācana || 2 ||
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teṣāṃ prathitavṛttānāṃ rājñāṃ vijñānaśālinām |
caritaṃ śrotumicchāmi vistareṇa tapodhana || 3 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
hanta te kathayiṣyāmi yanmāṃ tvaṃ paripṛcchasi |
pūrorvaṃśadharānvīrāñśakrapratimatejasaḥ || 4 ||
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pravīreśvararaudrāśvāstrayaḥ putrā mahārathāḥ |
pūroḥ pauṣṭyāmajāyanta pravīrastatra vaṃśakṛt || 5 ||
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manasyurabhavattasmācchūraḥ śyenīsutaḥ prabhuḥ |
pṛthivyāścaturantāyā goptā rājīvalocanaḥ || 6 ||
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subhrūḥ saṃhanano vāgmī sauvīrītanayāstrayaḥ |
manasyorabhavanputrāḥ śūrāḥ sarve mahārathāḥ || 7 ||
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raudrāśvasya maheṣvāsā daśāpsarasi sūnavaḥ |
yajvāno jajñire śūrāḥ prajāvanto bahuśrutāḥ |
sarve sarvāstravidvāṃsaḥ sarve dharmaparāyaṇāḥ || 8 ||
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ṛcepuratha kakṣepuḥ kṛkaṇepuśca vīryavān |
sthaṇḍilepurvanepuśca sthalepuśca mahārathaḥ || 9 ||
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tejepurbalavāndhīmānsatyepuścendravikramaḥ |
dharmepuḥ saṃnatepuśca daśamo devavikramaḥ |
anādhṛṣṭisutāstāta rājasūyāśvamedhinaḥ || 10 ||
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matinārastato rājā vidvāṃścarceputo'bhavat |
matinārasutā rājaṃścatvāro'mitavikramāḥ |
taṃsurmahānatiratho druhyuścāpratimadyutiḥ || 11 ||
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teṣāṃ taṃsurmahāvīryaḥ pauravaṃ vaṃśamudvahan |
ājahāra yaśo dīptaṃ jigāya ca vasuṃdharām || 12 ||
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ilinaṃ tu sutaṃ taṃsurjanayāmāsa vīryavān |
so'pi kṛtsnāmimāṃ bhūmiṃ vijigye jayatāṃ varaḥ || 13 ||
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rathaṃtaryāṃ sutānpañca pañcabhūtopamāṃstataḥ |
ilino janayāmāsa duḥṣantaprabhṛtīnnṛpa || 14 ||
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duḥṣantaṃ śūrabhīmau ca prapūrvaṃ vasumeva ca |
teṣāṃ jyeṣṭho'bhavadrājā duḥṣanto janamejaya || 15 ||
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duḥṣantādbharato jajñe vidvāñśākuntalo nṛpaḥ |
tasmādbharatavaṃśasya vipratasthe mahadyaśaḥ || 16 ||
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bharatastisṛṣu strīṣu nava putrānajījanat |
nābhyanandanta tānrājā nānurūpā mametyuta || 17 ||
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tato mahadbhiḥ kratubhirījāno bharatastadā |
lebhe putraṃ bharadvājādbhumanyuṃ nāma bhārata || 18 ||
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tataḥ putriṇamātmānaṃ jñātvā pauravanandanaḥ |
bhumanyuṃ bharataśreṣṭha yauvarājye'bhyaṣecayat || 19 ||
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tatastasya mahīndrasya vitathaḥ putrako'bhavat |
tataḥ sa vitatho nāma bhumanyorabhavatsutaḥ || 20 ||
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suhotraśca suhotā ca suhaviḥ suyajustathā |
puṣkariṇyāmṛcīkasya bhumanyorabhavansutāḥ || 21 ||
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teṣāṃ jyeṣṭhaḥ suhotrastu rājyamāpa mahīkṣitām |
rājasūyāśvamedhādyaiḥ so'yajadbahubhiḥ savaiḥ || 22 ||
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suhotraḥ pṛthivīṃ sarvāṃ bubhuje sāgarāmbarām |
pūrṇāṃ hastigavāśvasya bahuratnasamākulām || 23 ||
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mamajjeva mahī tasya bhūribhārāvapīḍitā |
hastyaśvarathasaṃpūrṇā manuṣyakalilā bhṛśam || 24 ||
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suhotre rājani tadā dharmataḥ śāsati prajāḥ |
caityayūpāṅkitā cāsīdbhūmiḥ śatasahasraśaḥ |
pravṛddhajanasasyā ca sahadevā vyarocata || 25 ||
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aikṣvākī janayāmāsa suhotrātpṛthivīpateḥ |
ajamīḍhaṃ sumīḍhaṃ ca purumīḍhaṃ ca bhārata || 26 ||
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ajamīḍho varasteṣāṃ tasminvaṃśaḥ pratiṣṭhitaḥ |
ṣaṭputrānso'pyajanayattisṛṣu strīṣu bhārata || 27 ||
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ṛkṣaṃ dhūminyatho nīlī duḥṣantaparameṣṭhinau |
keśinyajanayajjahnumubhau ca janarūpiṇau || 28 ||
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tatheme sarvapāñcālā duḥṣantaparameṣṭhinoḥ |
anvayāḥ kuśikā rājañjahnoramitatejasaḥ || 29 ||
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janarūpiṇayorjyeṣṭhamṛkṣamāhurjanādhipam |
ṛkṣātsaṃvaraṇo jajñe rājanvaṃśakarastava || 30 ||
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ārkṣe saṃvaraṇe rājanpraśāsati vasuṃdharām |
saṃkṣayaḥ sumahānāsītprajānāmiti śuśrumaḥ || 31 ||
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vyaśīryata tato rāṣṭraṃ kṣayairnānāvidhaistathā |
kṣunmṛtyubhyāmanāvṛṣṭyā vyādhibhiśca samāhatam |
abhyaghnanbhāratāṃścaiva sapatnānāṃ balāni ca || 32 ||
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cālayanvasudhāṃ caiva balena caturaṅgiṇā |
abhyayāttaṃ ca pāñcālyo vijitya tarasā mahīm |
akṣauhiṇībhirdaśabhiḥ sa enaṃ samare'jayat || 33 ||
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tataḥ sadāraḥ sāmātyaḥ saputraḥ sasuhṛjjanaḥ |
rājā saṃvaraṇastasmātpalāyata mahābhayāt || 34 ||
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sindhornadasya mahato nikuñje nyavasattadā |
nadīviṣayaparyante parvatasya samīpataḥ |
tatrāvasanbahūnkālānbhāratā durgamāśritāḥ || 35 ||
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teṣāṃ nivasatāṃ tatra sahasraṃ parivatsarān |
athābhyagacchadbharatānvasiṣṭho bhagavānṛṣiḥ || 36 ||
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tamāgataṃ prayatnena pratyudgamyābhivādya ca |
arghyamabhyāharaṃstasmai te sarve bhāratāstadā |
nivedya sarvamṛṣaye satkāreṇa suvarcase || 37 ||
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taṃ samāmaṣṭamīmuṣṭaṃ rājā vavre svayaṃ tadā |
purohito bhavānno'stu rājyāya prayatāmahe |
omityevaṃ vasiṣṭho'pi bhāratānpratyapadyata || 38 ||
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athābhyaṣiñcatsāmrājye sarvakṣatrasya pauravam |
viṣāṇabhūtaṃ sarvasyāṃ pṛthivyāmiti naḥ śrutam || 39 ||
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bharatādhyuṣitaṃ pūrvaṃ so'dhyatiṣṭhatpurottamam |
punarbalibhṛtaścaiva cakre sarvamahīkṣitaḥ || 40 ||
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tataḥ sa pṛthivīṃ prāpya punarīje mahābalaḥ |
ājamīḍho mahāyajñairbahubhirbhūridakṣiṇaiḥ || 41 ||
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tataḥ saṃvaraṇātsaurī suṣuve tapatī kurum |
rājatve taṃ prajāḥ sarvā dharmajña iti vavrire || 42 ||
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tasya nāmnābhivikhyātaṃ pṛthivyāṃ kurujāṅgalam |
kurukṣetraṃ sa tapasā puṇyaṃ cakre mahātapāḥ || 43 ||
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aśvavantamabhiṣvantaṃ tathā citrarathaṃ munim |
janamejayaṃ ca vikhyātaṃ putrāṃścāsyānuśuśrumaḥ |
pañcaitānvāhinī putrānvyajāyata manasvinī || 44 ||
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abhiṣvataḥ parikṣittu śabalāśvaśca vīryavān |
abhirājo virājaśca śalmalaśca mahābalaḥ || 45 ||
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uccaiḥśravā bhadrakāro jitāriścāṣṭamaḥ smṛtaḥ |
eteṣāmanvavāye tu khyātāste karmajairguṇaiḥ || 46 ||
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janamejayādayaḥ sapta tathaivānye mahābalāḥ |
parikṣito'bhavanputrāḥ sarve dharmārthakovidāḥ || 47 ||
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kakṣasenograsenau ca citrasenaśca vīryavān |
indrasenaḥ suṣeṇaśca bhīmasenaśca nāmataḥ || 48 ||
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janamejayasya tanayā bhuvi khyātā mahābalāḥ |
dhṛtarāṣṭraḥ prathamajaḥ pāṇḍurbāhlīka eva ca || 49 ||
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niṣadhaśca mahātejāstathā jāmbūnado balī |
kuṇḍodaraḥ padātiśca vasātiścāṣṭamaḥ smṛtaḥ |
sarve dharmārthakuśalāḥ sarve bhūtahite ratāḥ || 50 ||
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dhṛtarāṣṭro'tha rājāsīttasya putro'tha kuṇḍikaḥ |
hastī vitarkaḥ krāthaśca kuṇḍalaścāpi pañcamaḥ |
haviḥśravāstathendrābhaḥ sumanyuścāparājitaḥ || 51 ||
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pratīpasya trayaḥ putrā jajñire bharatarṣabha |
devāpiḥ śaṃtanuścaiva bāhlīkaśca mahārathaḥ || 52 ||
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devāpistu pravavrāja teṣāṃ dharmaparīpsayā |
śaṃtanuśca mahīṃ lebhe bāhlīkaśca mahārathaḥ || 53 ||
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bharatasyānvaye jātāḥ sattvavanto mahārathāḥ |
devarṣikalpā nṛpate bahavo rājasattamāḥ || 54 ||
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evaṃvidhāścāpyapare devakalpā mahārathāḥ |
jātā manoranvavāye ailavaṃśavivardhanāḥ || 55 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 89

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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