Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.53.12

लोहिताक्षाय सूताय तथा स्थपतये विभुः ।
येनोक्तं तत्र सत्राग्रे यज्ञस्य विनिवर्तनम् ॥ १२ ॥

lohitākṣāya sūtāya tathā sthapataye vibhuḥ |
yenoktaṃ tatra satrāgre yajñasya vinivartanam || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of Jaratkaru, that Astika who saved the snakes from the snake-sacrifice. Therefore, you snakes of great good fortune, it behoves you not to bite me. But go you away, blessed be you...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.53.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lohitaksha, Suta, Tatha, Sthapati, Vibhu, Yena, Yah, Yat, Ukta, Tatra, Satrac, Yajna, Vinivartana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.53.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lohitākṣāya sūtāya tathā sthapataye vibhuḥ
  • lohitākṣāya -
  • lohitākṣa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    lohitākṣa (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • sūtāya -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sūta (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √su class 1 verb], [dative single from √su class 2 verb]
    su -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √su class 1 verb], [dative single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sthapataye -
  • sthapati (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sthapati (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
  • vibhuḥ -
  • vibhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vibhu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yenoktaṃ tatra satrāgre yajñ;asya vinivartanam
  • yeno -
  • yena (indeclinable)
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • uktam -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uktā (noun, feminine)
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
    vac -> ukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
  • satrāg -
  • satrāc (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    satrāc (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • re -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yajñasya -
  • yajña (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • vinivartanam -
  • vinivartana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vinivartanā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.53.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.53.12 in Kannada sript:
ಲೋಹಿತಾಕ್ಷಾಯ ಸೂತಾಯ ತಥಾ ಸ್ಥಪತಯೇ ವಿಭುಃ ।
ಯೇನೋಕ್ತಂ ತತ್ರ ಸತ್ರಾಗ್ರೇ ಯಜ್ಞಸ್ಯ ವಿನಿವರ್ತನಮ್ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.53.12 in Bengali sript:
লোহিতাক্ষায সূতায তথা স্থপতযে বিভুঃ ।
যেনোক্তং তত্র সত্রাগ্রে যজ্ঞস্য বিনিবর্তনম্ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.53.12 in Gujarati sript:
લોહિતાક્ષાય સૂતાય તથા સ્થપતયે વિભુઃ ।
યેનોક્તં તત્ર સત્રાગ્રે યજ્ઞસ્ય વિનિવર્તનમ્ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.53.12 in Malayalam sript:
ലോഹിതാക്ഷായ സൂതായ തഥാ സ്ഥപതയേ വിഭുഃ ।
യേനോക്തം തത്ര സത്രാഗ്രേ യജ്ഞസ്യ വിനിവര്തനമ് ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.53.12 in Telugu sript:
లోహితాక్షాయ సూతాయ తథా స్థపతయే విభుః ।
యేనోక్తం తత్ర సత్రాగ్రే యజ్ఞస్య వినివర్తనమ్ ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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