Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.143

यदाश्रौषं द्रोणमाचार्यमेकं धृष्टद्युम्नेनाभ्यतिक्रम्य धर्मम् ।
रथोपस्थे प्रायगतं विशस्तं तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय ॥ १४३ ॥

yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇamācāryamekaṃ dhṛṣṭadyumnenābhyatikramya dharmam |
rathopasthe prāyagataṃ viśastaṃ tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya || 143 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the principal men of my side had all been vanquished by the noble Arjuna with a single chariot while residing in the dominions...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.143). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Drona, Acarya, Eka, Dhrishtadyumna, Abhi, Atikramya, Dharma, Rathopastha, Prayagata, Vishasta, Tada, Nasha, Vijaya, Sanjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.143). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇamācāryamekaṃ dhṛṣṭadyumnenābhyatikramya dharmam
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aśrauṣam -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [aorist active first single]
  • droṇam -
  • droṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    droṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    droṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ācāryam -
  • ācārya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ācāryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dhṛṣṭadyumnenā -
  • dhṛṣṭadyumna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • abhya -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • atikramya -
  • atikramya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “rathopasthe prāyagataṃ viśastaṃ tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
  • rathopasthe -
  • rathopastha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • prāyagatam -
  • prāyagata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prāyagata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prāyagatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viśastam -
  • viśasta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśasta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśastā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • nāśaṃ -
  • nāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
    naś -> nāśam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √naś]
  • se -
  • si (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    sa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present middle second single]
  • vijayāya -
  • vijaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vijaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • sañjaya -
  • sañjaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sañjaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.143

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.143 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾಶ್ರೌಷಂ ದ್ರೋಣಮಾಚಾರ್ಯಮೇಕಂ ಧೃಷ್ಟದ್ಯುಮ್ನೇನಾಭ್ಯತಿಕ್ರಮ್ಯ ಧರ್ಮಮ್ ।
ರಥೋಪಸ್ಥೇ ಪ್ರಾಯಗತಂ ವಿಶಸ್ತಂ ತದಾ ನಾಶಂಸೇ ವಿಜಯಾಯ ಸಂಜಯ ॥ ೧೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.143 in Bengali sript:
যদাশ্রৌষং দ্রোণমাচার্যমেকং ধৃষ্টদ্যুম্নেনাভ্যতিক্রম্য ধর্মম্ ।
রথোপস্থে প্রাযগতং বিশস্তং তদা নাশংসে বিজযায সংজয ॥ ১৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.143 in Gujarati sript:
યદાશ્રૌષં દ્રોણમાચાર્યમેકં ધૃષ્ટદ્યુમ્નેનાભ્યતિક્રમ્ય ધર્મમ્ ।
રથોપસ્થે પ્રાયગતં વિશસ્તં તદા નાશંસે વિજયાય સંજય ॥ ૧૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.143 in Malayalam sript:
യദാശ്രൌഷം ദ്രോണമാചാര്യമേകം ധൃഷ്ടദ്യുമ്നേനാഭ്യതിക്രമ്യ ധര്മമ് ।
രഥോപസ്ഥേ പ്രായഗതം വിശസ്തം തദാ നാശംസേ വിജയായ സംജയ ॥ ൧൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.143 in Telugu sript:
యదాశ్రౌషం ద్రోణమాచార్యమేకం ధృష్టద్యుమ్నేనాభ్యతిక్రమ్య ధర్మమ్ ।
రథోపస్థే ప్రాయగతం విశస్తం తదా నాశంసే విజయాయ సంజయ ॥ ౧౪౩ ॥

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