Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
evamuktaḥ sa bībhatsurmātulena paraṃtapaḥ |
durmanā dīnamanasaṃ vasudevamuvāca ha || 1 ||
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nāhaṃ vṛṣṇipravīreṇa madhubhiścaiva mātula |
vihīnāṃ pṛthivīṃ draṣṭuṃ śaktaściramiha prabho || 2 ||
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rājā ca bhīmasenaśca sahadevaśca pāṇḍavaḥ |
nakulo yājñasenī ca ṣaḍekamanaso vayam || 3 ||
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rājñaḥ saṃkramaṇe cāpi kālo'yaṃ vartate dhruvam |
tamimaṃ viddhi saṃprāptaṃ kālaṃ kālavidāṃ vara || 4 ||
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sarvathā vṛṣṇidārāṃstu bālavṛddhāṃstathaiva ca |
nayiṣye parigṛhyāhamindraprasthamariṃdama || 5 ||
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ityuktvā dārukamidaṃ vākyamāha dhanaṃjayaḥ |
amātyānvṛṣṇivīrāṇāṃ draṣṭumicchāmi māciram || 6 ||
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ityevamuktvā vacanaṃ sudharmāṃ yādavīṃ sabhām |
praviveśārjunaḥ śūraḥ śocamāno mahārathān || 7 ||
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tamāsanagataṃ tatra sarvāḥ prakṛtayastathā |
brāhmaṇā naigamāścaiva parivāryopatasthire || 8 ||
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tāndīnamanasaḥ sarvānnibhṛtāngatacetasaḥ |
uvācedaṃ vacaḥ pārthaḥ svayaṃ dīnatarastadā || 9 ||
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śakraprasthamahaṃ neṣye vṛṣṇyandhakajanaṃ svayam |
idaṃ tu nagaraṃ sarvaṃ samudraḥ plāvayiṣyati || 10 ||
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sajjīkuruta yānāni ratnāni vividhāni ca |
vajro'yaṃ bhavatāṃ rājā śakraprasthe bhaviṣyati || 11 ||
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saptame divase caiva ravau vimala udgate |
bahirvatsyāmahe sarve sajjībhavata māciram || 12 ||
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ityuktāstena te paurāḥ pārthenākliṣṭakarmaṇā |
sajjamāśu tataścakruḥ svasiddhyarthaṃ samutsukāḥ || 13 ||
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tāṃ rātrimavasatpārthaḥ keśavasya niveśane |
mahatā śokamohena sahasābhipariplutaḥ || 14 ||
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śvobhūte'tha tataḥ śaurirvasudevaḥ pratāpavān |
yuktvātmānaṃ mahātejā jagāma gatimuttamām || 15 ||
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tataḥ śabdo mahānāsīdvasudevasya veśmani |
dāruṇaḥ krośatīnāṃ ca rudatīnāṃ ca yoṣitām || 16 ||
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prakīrṇamūrdhajāḥ sarvā vimuktābharaṇasrajaḥ |
urāṃsi pāṇibhirghnantyo vyalapankaruṇaṃ striyaḥ || 17 ||
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taṃ devakī ca bhadrā ca rohiṇī madirā tathā |
anvāroḍhuṃ vyavasitā bhartāraṃ yoṣitāṃ varāḥ || 18 ||
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tataḥ śauriṃ nṛyuktena bahumālyena bhārata |
yānena mahatā pārtho bahirniṣkrāmayattadā || 19 ||
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tamanvayustatra tatra duḥkhaśokasamāhatāḥ |
dvārakāvāsinaḥ paurāḥ sarva eva nararṣabha || 20 ||
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tasyāśvamedhikaṃ chatraṃ dīpyamānāśca pāvakāḥ |
purastāttasya yānasya yājakāśca tato yayuḥ || 21 ||
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anujagmuśca taṃ vīraṃ devyastā vai svalaṃkṛtāḥ |
strīsahasraiḥ parivṛtā vadhūbhiśca sahasraśaḥ || 22 ||
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yastu deśaḥ priyastasya jīvato'bhūnmahātmanaḥ |
tatrainamupasaṃkalpya pitṛmedhaṃ pracakrire || 23 ||
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taṃ citāgnigataṃ vīraṃ śūraputraṃ varāṅganāḥ |
tato'nvāruruhuḥ patnyaścatasraḥ patilokagāḥ || 24 ||
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taṃ vai catasṛbhiḥ strībhiranvitaṃ pāṇḍunandanaḥ |
adāhayaccandanaiśca gandhairuccāvacairapi || 25 ||
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tataḥ prādurabhūcchabdaḥ samiddhasya vibhāvasoḥ |
sāmagānāṃ ca nirghoṣo narāṇāṃ rudatāmapi || 26 ||
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tato vajrapradhānāste vṛṣṇivīrakumārakāḥ |
sarva evodakaṃ cakruḥ striyaścaiva mahātmanaḥ || 27 ||
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aluptadharmastaṃ dharmaṃ kārayitvā sa phalgunaḥ |
jagāma vṛṣṇayo yatra vinaṣṭā bharatarṣabha || 28 ||
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sa tāndṛṣṭvā nipatitānkadane bhṛśaduḥkhitaḥ |
babhūvātīva kauravyaḥ prāptakālaṃ cakāra ca || 29 ||
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yathāpradhānataścaiva cakre sarvāḥ kriyāstadā |
ye hatā brahmaśāpena musalairerakodbhavaiḥ || 30 ||
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tataḥ śarīre rāmasya vāsudevasya cobhayoḥ |
anviṣya dāhayāmāsa puruṣairāptakāribhiḥ || 31 ||
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sa teṣāṃ vidhivatkṛtvā pretakāryāṇi pāṇḍavaḥ |
saptame divase prāyādrathamāruhya satvaraḥ |
aśvayuktai rathaiścāpi gokharoṣṭrayutairapi || 32 ||
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striyastā vṛṣṇivīrāṇāṃ rudatyaḥ śokakarśitāḥ |
anujagmurmahātmānaṃ pāṇḍuputraṃ dhanaṃjayam || 33 ||
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bhṛtyāstvandhakavṛṣṇīnāṃ sādino rathinaśca ye |
vīrahīnaṃ vṛddhabālaṃ paurajānapadāstathā |
yayuste parivāryātha kalatraṃ pārthaśāsanāt || 34 ||
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kuñjaraiśca gajārohā yayuḥ śailanibhaistathā |
sapādarakṣaiḥ saṃyuktāḥ sottarāyudhikā yayuḥ || 35 ||
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putrāścāndhakavṛṣṇīnāṃ sarve pārthamanuvratāḥ |
brāhmaṇāḥ kṣatriyā vaiśyāḥ śūdrāścaiva mahādhanāḥ || 36 ||
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daśa ṣaṭca sahasrāṇi vāsudevāvarodhanam |
puraskṛtya yayurvajraṃ pautraṃ kṛṣṇasya dhīmataḥ || 37 ||
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bahūni ca sahasrāṇi prayutānyarbudāni ca |
bhojavṛṣṇyandhakastrīṇāṃ hatanāthāni niryayuḥ || 38 ||
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tatsāgarasamaprakhyaṃ vṛṣṇicakraṃ maharddhimat |
uvāha rathināṃ śreṣṭhaḥ pārthaḥ parapuraṃjayaḥ || 39 ||
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niryāte tu jane tasminsāgaro makarālayaḥ |
dvārakāṃ ratnasaṃpūrṇāṃ jalenāplāvayattadā || 40 ||
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tadadbhutamabhiprekṣya dvārakāvāsino janāḥ |
tūrṇāttūrṇataraṃ jagmuraho daivamiti bruvan || 41 ||
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kānaneṣu ca ramyeṣu parvateṣu nadīṣu ca |
nivasannānayāmāsa vṛṣṇidārāndhanaṃjayaḥ || 42 ||
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sa pañcanadamāsādya dhīmānatisamṛddhimat |
deśe gopaśudhānyāḍhye nivāsamakarotprabhuḥ || 43 ||
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tato lobhaḥ samabhavaddasyūnāṃ nihateśvarāḥ |
dṛṣṭvā striyo nīyamānāḥ pārthenaikena bhārata || 44 ||
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tataste pāpakarmāṇo lobhopahatacetasaḥ |
ābhīrā mantrayāmāsuḥ sametyāśubhadarśanāḥ || 45 ||
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ayameko'rjuno yoddhā vṛddhabālaṃ hateśvaram |
nayatyasmānatikramya yodhāśceme hataujasaḥ || 46 ||
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tato yaṣṭipraharaṇā dasyavaste sahasraśaḥ |
abhyadhāvanta vṛṣṇīnāṃ taṃ janaṃ loptrahāriṇaḥ || 47 ||
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mahatā siṃhanādena drāvayantaḥ pṛthagjanam |
abhipeturdhanārthaṃ te kālaparyāyacoditāḥ || 48 ||
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tato nivṛttaḥ kaunteyaḥ sahasā sapadānugaḥ |
uvāca tānmahābāhurarjunaḥ prahasanniva || 49 ||
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nivartadhvamadharmajñā yadi stha na mumūrṣavaḥ |
nedānīṃ śaranirbhinnāḥ śocadhvaṃ nihatā mayā || 50 ||
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tathoktāstena vīreṇa kadarthīkṛtya tadvacaḥ |
abhipeturjanaṃ mūḍhā vāryamāṇāḥ punaḥ punaḥ || 51 ||
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tato'rjuno dhanurdivyaṃ gāṇḍīvamajaraṃ mahat |
āropayitumārebhe yatnādiva kathaṃcana || 52 ||
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cakāra sajyaṃ kṛcchreṇa saṃbhrame tumule sati |
cintayāmāsa cāstrāṇi na ca sasmāra tānyapi || 53 ||
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vaikṛtyaṃ tanmahaddṛṣṭvā bhujavīrye tathā yudhi |
divyānāṃ ca mahāstrāṇāṃ vināśādvrīḍito'bhavat || 54 ||
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vṛṣṇiyodhāśca te sarve gajāśvarathayāyinaḥ |
na śekurāvartayituṃ hriyamāṇaṃ ca taṃ janam || 55 ||
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kalatrasya bahutvāttu saṃpatatsu tatastataḥ |
prayatnamakarotpārtho janasya parirakṣaṇe || 56 ||
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miṣatāṃ sarvayodhānāṃ tatastāḥ pramadottamāḥ |
samantato'vakṛṣyanta kāmāccānyāḥ pravavrajuḥ || 57 ||
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tato gāṇḍīvanirmuktaiḥ śaraiḥ pārtho dhanaṃjayaḥ |
jaghāna dasyūnsodvego vṛṣṇibhṛtyaiḥ saha prabhuḥ || 58 ||
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kṣaṇena tasya te rājankṣayaṃ jagmurajihmagāḥ |
akṣayā hi purā bhūtvā kṣīṇāḥ kṣatajabhojanāḥ || 59 ||
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sa śarakṣayamāsādya duḥkhaśokasamāhataḥ |
dhanuṣkoṭyā tadā dasyūnavadhītpākaśāsaniḥ || 60 ||
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prekṣatastveva pārthasya vṛṣṇyandhakavarastriyaḥ |
jagmurādāya te mlecchāḥ samantājjanamejaya || 61 ||
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dhanaṃjayastu daivaṃ tanmanasācintayatprabhuḥ |
duḥkhaśokasamāviṣṭo niḥśvāsaparamo'bhavat || 62 ||
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astrāṇāṃ ca praṇāśena bāhuvīryasya saṃkṣayāt |
dhanuṣaścāvidheyatvāccharāṇāṃ saṃkṣayeṇa ca || 63 ||
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babhūva vimanāḥ pārtho daivamityanucintayan |
nyavartata tato rājannedamastīti cābravīt || 64 ||
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tataḥ sa śeṣamādāya kalatrasya mahāmatiḥ |
hṛtabhūyiṣṭharatnasya kurukṣetramavātarat || 65 ||
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evaṃ kalatramānīya vṛṣṇīnāṃ hṛtaśeṣitam |
nyaveśayata kauravyastatra tatra dhanaṃjayaḥ || 66 ||
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hārdikyatanayaṃ pārtho nagaraṃ mārtikāvatam |
bhojarājakalatraṃ ca hṛtaśeṣaṃ narottamaḥ || 67 ||
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tato vṛddhāṃśca bālāṃśca striyaścādāya pāṇḍavaḥ |
vīrairvihīnānsarvāṃstāñśakraprasthe nyaveśayat || 68 ||
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yauyudhāniṃ sarasvatyāṃ putraṃ sātyakinaḥ priyam |
nyaveśayata dharmātmā vṛddhabālapuraskṛtam || 69 ||
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indraprasthe dadau rājyaṃ vajrāya paravīrahā |
vajreṇākrūradārāstu vāryamāṇāḥ pravavrajuḥ || 70 ||
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rukmiṇī tvatha gāndhārī śaibyā haimavatītyapi |
devī jāmbavatī caiva viviśurjātavedasam || 71 ||
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satyabhāmā tathaivānyā devyaḥ kṛṣṇasya saṃmatāḥ |
vanaṃ praviviśū rājaṃstāpasye kṛtaniścayāḥ || 72 ||
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dvārakāvāsino ye tu puruṣāḥ pārthamanvayuḥ |
yathārhaṃ saṃvibhajyainānvajre paryadadajjayaḥ || 73 ||
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sa tatkṛtvā prāptakālaṃ bāṣpeṇāpihito'rjunaḥ |
kṛṣṇadvaipāyanaṃ rājandadarśāsīnamāśrame || 74 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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