Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 16.8.41

तदद्भुतमभिप्रेक्ष्य द्वारकावासिनो जनाः ।
तूर्णात्तूर्णतरं जग्मुरहो दैवमिति ब्रुवन् ॥ ४१ ॥

tadadbhutamabhiprekṣya dvārakāvāsino janāḥ |
tūrṇāttūrṇataraṃ jagmuraho daivamiti bruvan || 41 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...destitute of heroes and numbering only women and the aged and the children. The warriors who fought from the backs of elephants proceeded on elephants as huge as hills. The...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (16.8.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Adbhuta, Abhi, Prekshya, Dvaraka, Asmad, Jana, Turna, Turnataram, Ahan, Daiva, Iti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 16.8.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadadbhutamabhiprekṣya dvārakāvāsino janāḥ
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • adbhutam -
  • adbhuta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adbhuta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adbhutā (noun, feminine)
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
  • prekṣya -
  • prekṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prekṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dvārakāvā -
  • dvāraka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • āsi -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • no* -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • janāḥ -
  • jana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    janā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “tūrṇāttūrṇataraṃ jagmuraho daivamiti bruvan
  • tūrṇāt -
  • tūrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tūrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
    tvar -> tūrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √tvar class 1 verb]
  • tūrṇataram -
  • tūrṇataram (indeclinable)
  • jagmur -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • aho* -
  • ahan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ahar (noun, neuter)
    has (verb class 1)
    [aorist active second single]
  • daivam -
  • daiva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    daiva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse bruvan

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 16.8.41

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 16.8.41 in Kannada sript:
ತದದ್ಭುತಮಭಿಪ್ರೇಕ್ಷ್ಯ ದ್ವಾರಕಾವಾಸಿನೋ ಜನಾಃ ।
ತೂರ್ಣಾತ್ತೂರ್ಣತರಂ ಜಗ್ಮುರಹೋ ದೈವಮಿತಿ ಬ್ರುವನ್ ॥ ೪೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 16.8.41 in Bengali sript:
তদদ্ভুতমভিপ্রেক্ষ্য দ্বারকাবাসিনো জনাঃ ।
তূর্ণাত্তূর্ণতরং জগ্মুরহো দৈবমিতি ব্রুবন্ ॥ ৪১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 16.8.41 in Gujarati sript:
તદદ્ભુતમભિપ્રેક્ષ્ય દ્વારકાવાસિનો જનાઃ ।
તૂર્ણાત્તૂર્ણતરં જગ્મુરહો દૈવમિતિ બ્રુવન્ ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 16.8.41 in Malayalam sript:
തദദ്ഭുതമഭിപ്രേക്ഷ്യ ദ്വാരകാവാസിനോ ജനാഃ ।
തൂര്ണാത്തൂര്ണതരം ജഗ്മുരഹോ ദൈവമിതി ബ്രുവന് ॥ ൪൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 16.8.41 in Telugu sript:
తదద్భుతమభిప్రేక్ష్య ద్వారకావాసినో జనాః ।
తూర్ణాత్తూర్ణతరం జగ్మురహో దైవమితి బ్రువన్ ॥ ౪౧ ॥

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