Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.147.22

अहिंसा सत्यमक्रोधो दानमेतच्चतुष्टयम् ।
अजातशत्रो सेवस्व धर्म एष सनातनः ॥ २२ ॥

ahiṃsā satyamakrodho dānametaccatuṣṭayam |
ajātaśatro sevasva dharma eṣa sanātanaḥ || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...himself singly; sometimes divides himself into two portions; and sometimes exhibits himself in many, a hundred thousand forms. Even such is Mahadeva. He is, again, that god who is unborn. In even a hundred years one cannot exhaust his merits...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.147.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ahimsa, Satyam, Satya, Akrodha, Dana, Etad, Catushtaya, Ajatashatru, Dharma, Esha, Sanatana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.147.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ahiṃsā satyamakrodho dānametaccatuṣṭayam
  • ahiṃsā -
  • ahiṃsā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • satyam -
  • satyam (indeclinable)
    satya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satyā (noun, feminine)
  • akrodho* -
  • akrodha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dānam -
  • dāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • etac -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • catuṣṭayam -
  • catuṣṭaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    catuṣṭaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “ajātaśatro sevasva dharma eṣa sanātanaḥ
  • ajātaśatro -
  • ajātaśatru (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ajātaśatru (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • sevasva -
  • sev (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • dharma* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sanātanaḥ -
  • sanātana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.147.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.147.22 in Kannada sript:
ಅಹಿಂಸಾ ಸತ್ಯಮಕ್ರೋಧೋ ದಾನಮೇತಚ್ಚತುಷ್ಟಯಮ್ ।
ಅಜಾತಶತ್ರೋ ಸೇವಸ್ವ ಧರ್ಮ ಏಷ ಸನಾತನಃ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.147.22 in Bengali sript:
অহিংসা সত্যমক্রোধো দানমেতচ্চতুষ্টযম্ ।
অজাতশত্রো সেবস্ব ধর্ম এষ সনাতনঃ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.147.22 in Gujarati sript:
અહિંસા સત્યમક્રોધો દાનમેતચ્ચતુષ્ટયમ્ ।
અજાતશત્રો સેવસ્વ ધર્મ એષ સનાતનઃ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.147.22 in Malayalam sript:
അഹിംസാ സത്യമക്രോധോ ദാനമേതച്ചതുഷ്ടയമ് ।
അജാതശത്രോ സേവസ്വ ധര്മ ഏഷ സനാതനഃ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 13.147.22 in Telugu sript:
అహింసా సత్యమక్రోధో దానమేతచ్చతుష్టయమ్ ।
అజాతశత్రో సేవస్వ ధర్మ ఏష సనాతనః ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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