Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 13.70.54

गुरुं शिष्यो वरयेद्गोप्रदाने स वै वक्ता नियतं स्वर्गदाता ।
विधिज्ञानां सुमहानेष धर्मो विधिं ह्याद्यं विधयः संश्रयन्ति ॥ ५४ ॥

guruṃ śiṣyo varayedgopradāne sa vai vaktā niyataṃ svargadātā |
vidhijñānāṃ sumahāneṣa dharmo vidhiṃ hyādyaṃ vidhayaḥ saṃśrayanti || 54 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of liberality among men. There are many persons, who may be called the heroes of the Sankhya faith as, indeed, there are many others that are called heroes of Yoga. There are others that are regarded as heroes in the matter of forest-life, of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.70.54). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Guru, Shishya, Gopradana, Vakta, Niyata, Svargada, Vidhijna, Sumahat, Sumaha, Esha, Dharma, Vidhi, Adya, Shrayat, Shrayanti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 13.70.54). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “guruṃ śiṣyo varayedgopradāne sa vai vaktā niyataṃ svargadātā
  • gurum -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • śiṣyo* -
  • śiṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śās -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śās class 2 verb]
    śiṣ -> śiṣya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śiṣ class 10 verb]
  • varayed -
  • vṛ (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
  • gopradāne -
  • gopradāna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • vaktā* -
  • vaj -> vakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vaj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vaj class 1 verb]
    vaj -> vaktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vaj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vaj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vaj class 1 verb]
    vak -> vakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vak class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vak class 1 verb]
    vak -> vaktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vak class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vak class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vak class 1 verb]
  • niyatam -
  • niyata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    niyata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    niyatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • svargadāt -
  • svargada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    svargada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ā -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • Line 2: “vidhijñānāṃ sumahāneṣa dharmo vidhiṃ hyādyaṃ vidhayaḥ saṃśrayanti
  • vidhijñānām -
  • vidhijña (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    vidhijña (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    vidhijñā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • sumahān -
  • sumahat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sumaha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vidhim -
  • vidhi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    vidhi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • hyā -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • ādyam -
  • ādya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ādya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ādyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ad -> ādya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ad]
    ad -> ādya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ad], [accusative single from √ad]
  • vidhayaḥ -
  • vidhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vidhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • saṃ -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sam (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • śrayanti -
  • śri -> śrayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śri class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śri class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śri class 1 verb]
    śri -> śrayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √śri class 1 verb]
    śri (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 13.70.54

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 13.70.54 in Kannada sript:
ಗುರುಂ ಶಿಷ್ಯೋ ವರಯೇದ್ಗೋಪ್ರದಾನೇ ಸ ವೈ ವಕ್ತಾ ನಿಯತಂ ಸ್ವರ್ಗದಾತಾ ।
ವಿಧಿಜ್ಞಾನಾಂ ಸುಮಹಾನೇಷ ಧರ್ಮೋ ವಿಧಿಂ ಹ್ಯಾದ್ಯಂ ವಿಧಯಃ ಸಂಶ್ರಯನ್ತಿ ॥ ೫೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 13.70.54 in Bengali sript:
গুরুং শিষ্যো বরযেদ্গোপ্রদানে স বৈ বক্তা নিযতং স্বর্গদাতা ।
বিধিজ্ঞানাং সুমহানেষ ধর্মো বিধিং হ্যাদ্যং বিধযঃ সংশ্রযন্তি ॥ ৫৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 13.70.54 in Gujarati sript:
ગુરું શિષ્યો વરયેદ્ગોપ્રદાને સ વૈ વક્તા નિયતં સ્વર્ગદાતા ।
વિધિજ્ઞાનાં સુમહાનેષ ધર્મો વિધિં હ્યાદ્યં વિધયઃ સંશ્રયન્તિ ॥ ૫૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 13.70.54 in Malayalam sript:
ഗുരും ശിഷ്യോ വരയേദ്ഗോപ്രദാനേ സ വൈ വക്താ നിയതം സ്വര്ഗദാതാ ।
വിധിജ്ഞാനാം സുമഹാനേഷ ധര്മോ വിധിം ഹ്യാദ്യം വിധയഃ സംശ്രയന്തി ॥ ൫൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 13.70.54 in Telugu sript:
గురుం శిష్యో వరయేద్గోప్రదానే స వై వక్తా నియతం స్వర్గదాతా ।
విధిజ్ఞానాం సుమహానేష ధర్మో విధిం హ్యాద్యం విధయః సంశ్రయన్తి ॥ ౫౪ ॥

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