Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.301.18

अकार्पण्यमसंरम्भः क्षमा धृतिरहिंसता ।
समता सत्यमानृण्यं मार्दवं ह्रीरचापलम् ॥ १८ ॥

akārpaṇyamasaṃrambhaḥ kṣamā dhṛtirahiṃsatā |
samatā satyamānṛṇyaṃ mārdavaṃ hrīracāpalam || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...discolour of the teeth or of the eye, the loss of all consciousness, and the loss also of all animal heat, are symptoms indicating death that very day. If, without any perceptible cause a stream of tears suddenly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.301.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aka, Arpani, Amasa, Rambha, Kshama, Dhriti, Ahimsat, Ahimsata, Samata, Samat, Satyam, Satya, Anrinya, Mardava, Hri, Apala,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.301.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “akārpaṇyamasaṃrambhaḥ kṣamā dhṛtirahiṃsatā
  • akā -
  • aka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ak (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • arpaṇya -
  • arpaṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • amasaṃ -
  • amasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • rambhaḥ -
  • rambha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṣamā* -
  • kṣama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhṛtir -
  • dhṛti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhṛti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahiṃsatā -
  • ahiṃsat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ahiṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    ahiṃsatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “samatā satyamānṛṇyaṃ mārdavaṃ hrīracāpalam
  • samatā -
  • samatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sam -> samat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √sam class 1 verb]
    sam -> samat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • satyam -
  • satyam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    satya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ānṛṇyam -
  • ānṛṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • mārdavam -
  • mārdava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārdava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hrīr -
  • hrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • acā -
  • ac (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    añc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • apalam -
  • apala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    pal (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.301.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.18 in Kannada sript:
ಅಕಾರ್ಪಣ್ಯಮಸಂರಮ್ಭಃ ಕ್ಷಮಾ ಧೃತಿರಹಿಂಸತಾ ।
ಸಮತಾ ಸತ್ಯಮಾನೃಣ್ಯಂ ಮಾರ್ದವಂ ಹ್ರೀರಚಾಪಲಮ್ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.18 in Bengali sript:
অকার্পণ্যমসংরম্ভঃ ক্ষমা ধৃতিরহিংসতা ।
সমতা সত্যমানৃণ্যং মার্দবং হ্রীরচাপলম্ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.18 in Gujarati sript:
અકાર્પણ્યમસંરમ્ભઃ ક્ષમા ધૃતિરહિંસતા ।
સમતા સત્યમાનૃણ્યં માર્દવં હ્રીરચાપલમ્ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.18 in Malayalam sript:
അകാര്പണ്യമസംരമ്ഭഃ ക്ഷമാ ധൃതിരഹിംസതാ ।
സമതാ സത്യമാനൃണ്യം മാര്ദവം ഹ്രീരചാപലമ് ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.301.18 in Telugu sript:
అకార్పణ్యమసంరమ్భః క్షమా ధృతిరహింసతా ।
సమతా సత్యమానృణ్యం మార్దవం హ్రీరచాపలమ్ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: