Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.236.7

अकृष्टं वै व्रीहियवं नीवारं विघसानि च ।
हवींषि संप्रयच्छेत मखेष्वत्रापि पञ्चसु ॥ ७ ॥

akṛṣṭaṃ vai vrīhiyavaṃ nīvāraṃ vighasāni ca |
havīṃṣi saṃprayaccheta makheṣvatrāpi pañcasu || 7 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...think that such acts of injury done to animals are in no way distinguished from foeticide. People regard the profession of agriculture to be sinless. That profession, however, is certainly fraught with cruelty...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.236.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Akrishta, Vrihiyava, Nivara, Vighasa, Ani, Havis, Makha, Atra, Api, Pancan,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.236.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “akṛṣṭaṃ vai vrīhiyavaṃ nīvāraṃ vighasāni ca
  • akṛṣṭam -
  • akṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • vrīhiyavam -
  • vrīhiyava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • nīvāram -
  • nīvāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nīvārā (noun, feminine)
  • vighasā -
  • vighasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ani -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “havīṃṣi saṃprayaccheta makheṣvatrāpi pañcasu
  • havīṃṣi -
  • havis (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sampra -
  • sampra (Preverb)
  • yaccheta -
  • yam (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural]
  • makheṣva -
  • makha (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    makha (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • atrā -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • pañcasu -
  • pañcan (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    pañcan (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.236.7

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.236.7 in Kannada sript:
ಅಕೃಷ್ಟಂ ವೈ ವ್ರೀಹಿಯವಂ ನೀವಾರಂ ವಿಘಸಾನಿ ಚ ।
ಹವೀಂಷಿ ಸಂಪ್ರಯಚ್ಛೇತ ಮಖೇಷ್ವತ್ರಾಪಿ ಪಞ್ಚಸು ॥ ೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.236.7 in Bengali sript:
অকৃষ্টং বৈ ব্রীহিযবং নীবারং বিঘসানি চ ।
হবীংষি সংপ্রযচ্ছেত মখেষ্বত্রাপি পঞ্চসু ॥ ৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.236.7 in Gujarati sript:
અકૃષ્ટં વૈ વ્રીહિયવં નીવારં વિઘસાનિ ચ ।
હવીંષિ સંપ્રયચ્છેત મખેષ્વત્રાપિ પઞ્ચસુ ॥ ૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.236.7 in Malayalam sript:
അകൃഷ്ടം വൈ വ്രീഹിയവം നീവാരം വിഘസാനി ച ।
ഹവീംഷി സംപ്രയച്ഛേത മഖേഷ്വത്രാപി പഞ്ചസു ॥ ൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.236.7 in Telugu sript:
అకృష్టం వై వ్రీహియవం నీవారం విఘసాని చ ।
హవీంషి సంప్రయచ్ఛేత మఖేష్వత్రాపి పఞ్చసు ॥ ౭ ॥

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