Nivara, Nīvara, Nīvāra, Nivarā, Nivāra: 21 definitions


Nivara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Nīvara (नीवर) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of “awned grain” (śūkadhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The literal translation of the word is “mud” or “water”. The plant Nīvara is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Nīvara is similar to Śyāmāka in properties, which it is said to be astringent-sweet and light in character. It also aggravates vāta and alleviates kapha and pitta. It is cold, constipating and absorbent.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Nīvāra (नीवार) refers to “wild rice” according to the Yajurveda-saṃhita (and brāhmaṇa), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Yajurvedic Saṃhitas and Brāhmaṇas mentions kṛṣṇavrīhi (black rice), śuklavrīhi (white rice), mahāvrīhi (long rice), nīvāra (wild rice), hāyana (red rice growing in a year), āśu (swift growing rice) and māsūsya (a sort of wild rice) as varieties of rice. [...] Some inferior varieties of rice such as koradūṣaka, śyāmāka, nīvāra, varaka and priyaṅgu were used by the poor people and ascetics.

2) Nīvāra (नीवार) refers to “water-grass” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., nīvāra (water-grass)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., mantha (calotropis or a liquid in combination with fried rice and ghee)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nivāra (निवार) refers to “removing (misery)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.2 (“The birth of Śiva’s son”).—Accordingly, as the Gods said to Śiva: “O lord of gods, O great lord, consort of Pārvatī, what has happened now? Your magical power is incapable of being transgressed. We have become pregnant and also scorched by your semen. O Śiva, take pity on us. Remove (nivāra) our miserable plight”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nīvāra (नीवार).—A kind of corn for śrāddha;1 used as food by foresters and offered by Śakuntalā to Duṣyanta.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 15. 35.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 14.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Nīvāra (नीवार) refers to “wild gram” and represents one of the seven forest-products that are fit for oblation according to verse 25.59 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā, dealing with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Accordingly, “bamboo (veṇu), śyāmāka, nīvāra (wild gram), jartila, gavīdhuka, karkaṭa and kanaka are the seven which grow in the forest. Śāli is important among them. Others are to be taken in its absence, or that of others”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Nivara in India is the name of a plant defined with Hygroryza aristata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Potamochloa retzii Griff. (among others).

2) Nivara is also identified with Oryza sativa It has the synonym Oryza sativa var. melanacra Körn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Physis. Revista de la Sociedad Argentina de Ciencias Naturales (1933)
· Acta Genetica Sinica (1984)
· Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1900)
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1821)
· Phil. J. Sci. (1912)
· Flora de Filipinas ed. 1 (1837)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nivara, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nīvāra : (m.) a kind of grain.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīvāra, (Sk. nīvāra, unexplained) raw rice, paddy D. I, 166; A. I, 241, 295; II, 206; Pug. 55; J. III, 144 (°yāgu). (Page 376)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nivārā (निवारा).—m Shelter (from wind, heat, rain &c.): also sheltered state. nivāṛyācā That is under shelter. 2 That has been nursed in peace and seclusion; that knows not the storms of life; ignarus mali.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nivārā (निवारा).—m Shelter; sheltered state. nivāṛyācā That is under shelter.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nivara (निवर).—a. Preventing, warding off.

-raḥ 1 One who prevents.

2) Protection, covering.

--- OR ---

Nivarā (निवरा).—A virgin, an unmarried girl.

--- OR ---

Nivāra (निवार).—

1) Keeping off, preventing, warding off; दंशनिवारणैश्च (daṃśanivāraṇaiśca) R.2.5.

2) Prohibition, impediment.

Derivable forms: nivāraḥ (निवारः).

See also (synonyms): nivāraṇa.

--- OR ---

Nīvara (नीवर).—[Uṇādi-sūtra 3.1.]

1) Trade, traffic.

2) A trader.

3) A religious mendicant.

4) A place fit for the site of a house.

5) A dwelling, residence.

6) Mud.

-ram Water.

Derivable forms: nīvaraḥ (नीवरः).

--- OR ---

Nīvāra (नीवार).—Rice growing wild or without cultivation; नीवाराः शुकगर्भकोटरमुखभ्रष्टास्तरूणामधः (nīvārāḥ śukagarbhakoṭaramukhabhraṣṭāstarūṇāmadhaḥ) Ś.1.14; R.1.5; 5.9,15; (also nīvāraka).

Derivable forms: nīvāraḥ (नीवारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nivarā (निवरा).—f.

(-rā) A virgin, a girl unmarried. E. ni priv. and vara a husband.

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Nivāra (निवार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Hindering, opposition, impediment. 2. Name of the grain so called. E. ni prefix, vṝ to screen, ghañ. aff.

Nivāra can also be spelled as Nīvāra (नीवार).

--- OR ---

Nīvara (नीवर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Trade, traffic. 2. A place, &c. proper for the site of a habitation. 3. A religious mendicant. 4. A trader. n.

(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Mud, mire. E. ṇī to obtain, &c. ṣvarac Unadi aff.

--- OR ---

Nīvāra (नीवार).—m.

(-raḥ) Rice growing wild or without cultivation. E. ni before, vṛ to be, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīvāra (नीवार).—I. m. Rice growing wild, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 28, 21 Gorr. Ii. f. , The name of a river, Mahābhārata 6, 328.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nivara (निवर).—[masculine] covering, protection or protector.

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Nīvāra (नीवार).—[masculine] wild rice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nivara (निवर):—[=ni-vara] a etc. See ni-vṛ.

2) Nivāra (निवार):—[=ni-vāra] a etc. See ni-vṛ.

3) Nivara (निवर):—[=ni-vara] [from ni-vṛ] b m. covering, protection or a protector, [Ṛg-veda viii, 93, 15] ([Sāyaṇa] ‘a preventer, obstructer’)

4) Nivarā (निवरा):—[=ni-varā] [from ni-vara > ni-vṛ] f. a virgin, unmarried girl, [Pāṇini 3-3, 48 [Scholiast or Commentator]] ([from] ni + vara, ‘having no husband’ [Horace H. Wilson])

5) Nivāra (निवार):—[=ni-vāra] [from ni-vṛ] b m. keeping off, hindering, impediment (cf. dur-niv)

6) Nivārā (निवारा):—[=ni-vārā] [from ni-vāra > ni-vṛ] f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] nīv).

7) Nīvārā (नीवारा):—[=nī-vārā] [from ] a [varia lectio] for nivārā (See under ni-vṛ).

8) Nīvara (नीवर):—m. (√?; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iii].) a trader

9) an inhabitant

10) a beggar

11) mud

12) n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Nīvāra (नीवार):—m. (ifc. f(ā). ) wild rice (sg. the plant; [plural] the grains), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) Nīvārā (नीवारा):—[from nīvāra] b f. Name of a river, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] ([varia lectio] ni-v).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nivarā (निवरा):—[ni-varā] (rā) 1. f. A virgin.

2) Nivāra (निवार):—[ni-vāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Hindering.

3) Nīvara (नीवर):—(raḥ) 1. m. Trade; a place, site of a house; a religious mendicant. n. Water; mud.

4) Nīvāra (नीवार):—[nī-vāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Wild rice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nivāra (निवार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇivāra, Ṇihoḍa, Ṇīvāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nivara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇivāra (णिवार) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nivāra.

2) Ṇīvāra (णीवार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nīvāra.

3) Ṇīvāra (णीवार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nīvāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nivāra (ನಿವಾರ):—[adjective] that opposes, resists or withstands.

--- OR ---

Nivāra (ನಿವಾರ):—[noun] a removal of an evil, inauspicious thing, etc. or a warding off, preventing (something evil) from happening.

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Nīvāra (ನೀವಾರ):—

1) [noun] the grass Eragrostis deccanense (= E. spicata) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its grain.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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