Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.95.9

न वै द्विषन्तः क्षीयन्ते राज्ञो नित्यमपि घ्नतः ।
क्रोधं नियन्तुं यो वेद तस्य द्वेष्टा न विद्यते ॥ ९ ॥

na vai dviṣantaḥ kṣīyante rājño nityamapi ghnataḥ |
krodhaṃ niyantuṃ yo veda tasya dveṣṭā na vidyate || 9 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...too much from them. Dissociated from the king, all of them become dissatisfied, and acting from fear, side with the enemies of their ruler. If again the aristocracy of a kingdom be disunited amongst themselves...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.95.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dvishat, Rajan, Nityam, Nitya, Api, Ghnat, Krodha, Yah, Veda, Tad, Dveshta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.95.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “na vai dviṣantaḥ kṣīyante rājñ;o nityamapi ghnataḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • dviṣantaḥ -
  • dviṣat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kṣīyante -
  • kṣai (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
    kṣī (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
    kṣī (verb class 5)
    [present passive third plural]
    kṣī (verb class 9)
    [present passive third plural]
  • rājño* -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • ghnataḥ -
  • ghnat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ghnat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    han -> ghnat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √han class 2 verb], [ablative single from √han class 2 verb], [genitive single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> ghnat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √han class 2 verb], [genitive single from √han class 2 verb]
  • Line 2: “krodhaṃ niyantuṃ yo veda tasya dveṣṭā na vidyate
  • krodham -
  • krodha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    krodha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    krodhā (noun, feminine)
    krodhan (noun, masculine)
    krodhan (noun, neuter)
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
  • yantum -
  • yam -> yantum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √yam]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • veda -
  • veda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dveṣṭā* -
  • dveṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.95.9

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.95.9 in Kannada sript:
ನ ವೈ ದ್ವಿಷನ್ತಃ ಕ್ಷೀಯನ್ತೇ ರಾಜ್ಞೋ ನಿತ್ಯಮಪಿ ಘ್ನತಃ ।
ಕ್ರೋಧಂ ನಿಯನ್ತುಂ ಯೋ ವೇದ ತಸ್ಯ ದ್ವೇಷ್ಟಾ ನ ವಿದ್ಯತೇ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.95.9 in Bengali sript:
ন বৈ দ্বিষন্তঃ ক্ষীযন্তে রাজ্ঞো নিত্যমপি ঘ্নতঃ ।
ক্রোধং নিযন্তুং যো বেদ তস্য দ্বেষ্টা ন বিদ্যতে ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.95.9 in Gujarati sript:
ન વૈ દ્વિષન્તઃ ક્ષીયન્તે રાજ્ઞો નિત્યમપિ ઘ્નતઃ ।
ક્રોધં નિયન્તું યો વેદ તસ્ય દ્વેષ્ટા ન વિદ્યતે ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.95.9 in Malayalam sript:
ന വൈ ദ്വിഷന്തഃ ക്ഷീയന്തേ രാജ്ഞോ നിത്യമപി ഘ്നതഃ ।
ക്രോധം നിയന്തും യോ വേദ തസ്യ ദ്വേഷ്ടാ ന വിദ്യതേ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.95.9 in Telugu sript:
న వై ద్విషన్తః క్షీయన్తే రాజ్ఞో నిత్యమపి ఘ్నతః ।
క్రోధం నియన్తుం యో వేద తస్య ద్వేష్టా న విద్యతే ॥ ౯ ॥

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