Dvishat, Dviṣat: 7 definitions


Dvishat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dviṣat can be transliterated into English as Dvisat or Dvishat, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Dviṣat (द्विषत्) is a Sanskrit word referring to “one who causes injury”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.213)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dviṣat (द्विषत्) means “to despise”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “May they, whom I have recollected and are satisfied, accept the vessel of the bali. [...] O god! the bali has been offered to (them to chastise) those who despise [i.e., dviṣat] the heroes, Siddhas and yogis on the surface of the earth here in the gathering of the practice of the Rule. May they destroy the hearing, memory, mind, sight, fat, flesh, bones and life of the wicked in the great gathering of the Rule!”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dviṣat (द्विषत्) refers to the “enemies”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.9 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] On seeing the incomprehensible six-headed deity [i.e., Kumāra] coming forward, fierce and unagitated, the Asura [Tāraka] spoke to the gods derisively—‘O this child indeed will slay the enemies (dviṣat)!’ I will fight with him single-handed. I will kill the soldiers, the Gaṇas and the guardians of the quarters led by Viṣṇu. Saying thus, the powerful Asura rushed at Kumāra to fight with him. Tāraka seized his wonderful spear and spoke to the gods. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dviṣat (द्विषत्).—m. An enemy (with acc. or gen.); ततः परं दुष्प्रसहं द्विषद्भिः (tataḥ paraṃ duṣprasahaṃ dviṣadbhiḥ) R.6.31; Śiśupālavadha 2.1; Bhaṭṭikāvya 5.97.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dviṣat (द्विषत्).—mfn. (-ṣan-ṣantī-ṣat) 1. Hating or detesting, hostile. 2. Inimical, unfriendly. m. (-n) An enemy. E. dviṣ to hate, participal aff. śatṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dviṣat (द्विषत्):—[from dviṣ] mfn. (p. [Present tense] of √1. dviṣ) hating or detesting, hostile, unfriendly, foe, enemy (with [accusative] or [genitive case] [Pāṇini 2-3, 69], [vArttika] 5, [Patañjali]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dviṣat (द्विषत्):—(ṣan) 5. m. Idem.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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