Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.8.4

शत्रून्हत्वा महीं लब्ध्वा स्वधर्मेणोपपादिताम् ।
हतामित्रः कथं सर्वं त्यजेथा बुद्धिलाघवात् ॥ ४ ॥

śatrūnhatvā mahīṃ labdhvā svadharmeṇopapāditām |
hatāmitraḥ kathaṃ sarvaṃ tyajethā buddhilāghavāt || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...wander, I shall select a moment for my round of mendicancy and solicit alms at two, three, or five houses at the most. I shall wander over the earth, after breaking the bonds of desire. Preserving equability...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.8.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shatru, Mahi, Svadharma, Upapadita, Hata, Amitra, Katham, Katha, Sarvam, Sarva, Buddhilaghava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.8.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śatrūnhatvā mahīṃ labdhvā svadharmeṇopapāditām
  • śatrūn -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • hatvā -
  • han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
    han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
  • mahīm -
  • mahī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • labdhvā -
  • labh -> labdhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √labh]
  • svadharmeṇo -
  • svadharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • upapāditām -
  • upapāditā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “hatāmitraḥ kathaṃ sarvaṃ tyajethā buddhilāghavāt
  • hatā -
  • hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    hata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • amitraḥ -
  • amitra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tyajet -
  • tyaj (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • hā* -
  • ha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • buddhilāghavāt -
  • buddhilāghava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.8.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.8.4 in Kannada sript:
ಶತ್ರೂನ್ಹತ್ವಾ ಮಹೀಂ ಲಬ್ಧ್ವಾ ಸ್ವಧರ್ಮೇಣೋಪಪಾದಿತಾಮ್ ।
ಹತಾಮಿತ್ರಃ ಕಥಂ ಸರ್ವಂ ತ್ಯಜೇಥಾ ಬುದ್ಧಿಲಾಘವಾತ್ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.8.4 in Bengali sript:
শত্রূন্হত্বা মহীং লব্ধ্বা স্বধর্মেণোপপাদিতাম্ ।
হতামিত্রঃ কথং সর্বং ত্যজেথা বুদ্ধিলাঘবাত্ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.8.4 in Gujarati sript:
શત્રૂન્હત્વા મહીં લબ્ધ્વા સ્વધર્મેણોપપાદિતામ્ ।
હતામિત્રઃ કથં સર્વં ત્યજેથા બુદ્ધિલાઘવાત્ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.8.4 in Malayalam sript:
ശത്രൂന്ഹത്വാ മഹീം ലബ്ധ്വാ സ്വധര്മേണോപപാദിതാമ് ।
ഹതാമിത്രഃ കഥം സര്വം ത്യജേഥാ ബുദ്ധിലാഘവാത് ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.8.4 in Telugu sript:
శత్రూన్హత్వా మహీం లబ్ధ్వా స్వధర్మేణోపపాదితామ్ ।
హతామిత్రః కథం సర్వం త్యజేథా బుద్ధిలాఘవాత్ ॥ ౪ ॥

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