Svadharma, aka: Sva-dharma; 5 Definition(s)


Svadharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Svadharma in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Practised in Śakadvīpa;1 Paraśurāma accused by Śiva as lacking in the practice of;2 to be insisted upon the subjects by the Kings;3 of castes; departure from, leads to hell;4 Daityas routed for having departed from their dharma.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 106; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 103.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 23. 71; 50. 2.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 63; 225. 5.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 9, 41-2.
  • 5) Ib. III. 18. 12, 48.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Svadharma in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Specific duties of a particular body performed in accordance with religious principles in order to achieve liberation.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Svadharma in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m (S) Own, proper, or peculiar duty, office, or business; as giving alms is the svadharma of a householder; administering justice, the svadharma of a king; praying &c. that of a Brahman; fighting, that of a Kshatriya; the proper business, work, function, or action of an intelligent creature in general. 2 The proper, native, or inherent quality; the property, peculiarity, or own nature or constitution: also any natural quality or property.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m Own, proper or peculiar duty; &c.; the inherent quality.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svadharma in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—

1) one's own religion.

2) one's own duty, the duties of one's own class; Ms.1.88,91; स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः (svadharme nidhanaṃ śreyaḥ paradharmo bhayāvahaḥ) Bg.3.35.

3) peculiarity, one's own rights.

Derivable forms: svadharmaḥ (स्वधर्मः).

Svadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and dharma (धर्म).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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