Svadharma, Sva-dharma: 15 definitions
Svadharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Swadharm.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary
Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Specific duties of a particular body performed in accordance with religious principles in order to achieve liberation.Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Svadharma (स्वधर्म) refers to “one’s prescribed duty; occupation according to one’s nature”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Svadharma (स्वधर्म) refers to:—One’s own duty; prescribed occupational duties; religious duties. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Practised in Śakadvīpa;1 Paraśurāma accused by Śiva as lacking in the practice of;2 to be insisted upon the subjects by the Kings;3 of castes; departure from, leads to hell;4 Daityas routed for having departed from their dharma.5
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 106; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 103.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 23. 71; 50. 2.
- 3) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 63; 225. 5.
- 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 9, 41-2.
- 5) Ib. III. 18. 12, 48.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)
Svadharma (स्वधर्म) refers to “one’s own way (of worship)”, according to the Devīpurāṇa verse 88.1-3.—Accordingly, “People desiring liberation worship the Mothers by way of the Vedas and the Śaiva Tantric revelation. They are also worshipped in accordance with the Gāruḍatantras, Bhūtatantras, and Bālatantras. Beneficent, they bring all endeavors to fruition, and are like wish-fulfilling jewels. Heretics of the future—[viz.] the Buddhist proponents of Gāruḍa Tantra—will worship them according to their own methods, devoted to their own ways (svadharma-nirata), dear child. They give rewards that accord with any disposition wise people worship them with, whether they be Brahmins or even lowborn outcastes”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m (S) Own, proper, or peculiar duty, office, or business; as giving alms is the svadharma of a householder; administering justice, the svadharma of a king; praying &c. that of a Brahman; fighting, that of a Kshatriya; the proper business, work, function, or action of an intelligent creature in general. 2 The proper, native, or inherent quality; the property, peculiarity, or own nature or constitution: also any natural quality or property.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m Own, proper or peculiar duty; &c.; the inherent quality.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) one's own religion.
2) one's own duty, the duties of one's own class; Ms.1.88,91; स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः (svadharme nidhanaṃ śreyaḥ paradharmo bhayāvahaḥ) Bg.3.35.
3) peculiarity, one's own rights.
Derivable forms: svadharmaḥ (स्वधर्मः).
Svadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and dharma (धर्म).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m. 1. that which is due to somebody, one’s right,
Svadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and dharma (धर्म).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—[masculine] one’s own right or duty.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Svadharma (स्वधर्म):—[=sva-dharma] [from sva] a m. o°’s own rights (maṃ-√labh, ‘to get justice’), [Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] o°’s own duty, [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] peculiar property, peculiarity, [Horace H. Wilson]
4) [=sva-dharma] b etc. See p. 1275, col. 3.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svadharma (स्वधर्म):—[sva-dharma] (rmmaḥ) 1. n. One’s own duty; what is proper for each caste.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Svadharma (स्वधर्म) [Also spelled swadharm]:—(nm) one’s own duty/religion; ~[cyuta] who has neglected his duty/religion, fallen from duty or religion; -[cyuti] falling from duty or religion; -[tyāga] apostasy; ~[tyāgī] a renegade; apostate; negligent of duty/religion.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the aggregate of one’s natural, conginetal characteristics.
2) [noun] the duty entailed by one’s profession.
3) [noun] the religion one follows since his or her birth.
4) [noun] the distinct personality of an individual regardeda persisting entity; individuality.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Svadharmacarana, Svadharmacyuta, Svadharmadhavabodha, Svadharmadhvabodha, Svadharmamritasindhu, Svadharman, Svadharmanapaga, Svadharmarthavinishcaya, Svadharmaskhalana, Svadharmastha, Svadharmatyaga, Svadharmavartin, Svadharmavartitva.
Ends with: Asvadharma.
Full-text (+6): Svadharmastha, Svadharmacyuta, Svadharmatyaga, Svadharmavartitva, Svadharmavartin, Svadharmaskhalana, Svadharmadhvabodha, Asvadharma, Svadharmacarana, Svadharmanapaga, Svadharmarthavinishcaya, Pratipagamin, Svakarman, Yatisvadharmabhikshavidhi, Samtyaga, Swadharm, Arhat, Nagna, Caturvarna, Yamaduta.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Svadharma, Sva-dharma; (plurals include: Svadharmas, dharmas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.126 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.4.208-209 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.2.49 < [Chapter 2 - Divya (the celestial plane)]
Vivekachudamani (by Shankara)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 18.47 < [Chapter 18 - Mokṣa-yoga (the Yoga of Liberation)]
Verse 3.9 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Verse 3.35 < [Chapter 3 - Karma-yoga (Yoga through the Path of Action)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.19.110 < [Chapter 19 - The Lord’s Pastimes in Advaita’s House]
Verse 2.16.111 < [Chapter 16 - The Lord’s Acceptance of Śuklāmbara’s Rice]
Verse 2.7.23 < [Chapter 7 - The Meeting of Gadādhara and Puṇḍarīka]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)