Svadharma, Sva-dharma: 5 definitions


Svadharma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Specific duties of a particular body performed in accordance with religious principles in order to achieve liberation.

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Svadharma (स्वधर्म) refers to “one’s prescribed duty; occupation according to one’s nature”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Svadharma in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—Practised in Śakadvīpa;1 Paraśurāma accused by Śiva as lacking in the practice of;2 to be insisted upon the subjects by the Kings;3 of castes; departure from, leads to hell;4 Daityas routed for having departed from their dharma.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 106; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 103.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 23. 71; 50. 2.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 63; 225. 5.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 6. 9, 41-2.
  • 5) Ib. III. 18. 12, 48.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Svadharma in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m (S) Own, proper, or peculiar duty, office, or business; as giving alms is the svadharma of a householder; administering justice, the svadharma of a king; praying &c. that of a Brahman; fighting, that of a Kshatriya; the proper business, work, function, or action of an intelligent creature in general. 2 The proper, native, or inherent quality; the property, peculiarity, or own nature or constitution: also any natural quality or property.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

svadharma (स्वधर्म).—m Own, proper or peculiar duty; &c.; the inherent quality.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Svadharma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Svadharma (स्वधर्म).—

1) one's own religion.

2) one's own duty, the duties of one's own class; Ms.1.88,91; स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः (svadharme nidhanaṃ śreyaḥ paradharmo bhayāvahaḥ) Bg.3.35.

3) peculiarity, one's own rights.

Derivable forms: svadharmaḥ (स्वधर्मः).

Svadharma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sva and dharma (धर्म).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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