Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.2.4

यदा शूरं च भीरुं च यमः कर्षति भारत ।
तत्किं न योत्स्यन्ति हि ते क्षत्रियाः क्षत्रियर्षभ ॥ ४ ॥

yadā śūraṃ ca bhīruṃ ca yamaḥ karṣati bhārata |
tatkiṃ na yotsyanti hi te kṣatriyāḥ kṣatriyarṣabha || 4 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...O scorcher of foes, once again addressed the king, displaying great intelligence." Vaishampayana said, "Listen, O Janamejaya, to the nectar-like words that Vidura said unto...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Shura, Bhiru, Yama, Karshat, Bharata, Tat, Tad, Kim, Yushmad, Kshatriya, Kshatriyarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.2.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadā śūraṃ ca bhīruṃ ca yamaḥ karṣati bhārata
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • śūram -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śūra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śūrā (noun, feminine)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhīrum -
  • bhīru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yamaḥ -
  • yama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • karṣati -
  • kṛṣ -> karṣat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṛṣ class 1 verb]
    kṛṣ -> karṣat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √kṛṣ class 1 verb]
    kṛṣ (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “tatkiṃ na yotsyanti hi te kṣatriyāḥ kṣatriyarṣabha
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse yotsyanti*hi
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • kṣatriyāḥ -
  • kṣatriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣatriyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • kṣatriyarṣabha -
  • kṣatriyarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.2.4

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.2.4 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾ ಶೂರಂ ಚ ಭೀರುಂ ಚ ಯಮಃ ಕರ್ಷತಿ ಭಾರತ ।
ತತ್ಕಿಂ ನ ಯೋತ್ಸ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಹಿ ತೇ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯಾಃ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯರ್ಷಭ ॥ ೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.2.4 in Bengali sript:
যদা শূরং চ ভীরুং চ যমঃ কর্ষতি ভারত ।
তত্কিং ন যোত্স্যন্তি হি তে ক্ষত্রিযাঃ ক্ষত্রিযর্ষভ ॥ ৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.2.4 in Gujarati sript:
યદા શૂરં ચ ભીરું ચ યમઃ કર્ષતિ ભારત ।
તત્કિં ન યોત્સ્યન્તિ હિ તે ક્ષત્રિયાઃ ક્ષત્રિયર્ષભ ॥ ૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.2.4 in Malayalam sript:
യദാ ശൂരം ച ഭീരും ച യമഃ കര്ഷതി ഭാരത ।
തത്കിം ന യോത്സ്യന്തി ഹി തേ ക്ഷത്രിയാഃ ക്ഷത്രിയര്ഷഭ ॥ ൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 11.2.4 in Telugu sript:
యదా శూరం చ భీరుం చ యమః కర్షతి భారత ।
తత్కిం న యోత్స్యన్తి హి తే క్షత్రియాః క్షత్రియర్షభ ॥ ౪ ॥

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