Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 11.2.3

सर्वे क्षयान्ता निचयाः पतनान्ताः समुच्छ्रयाः ।
संयोगा विप्रयोगान्ता मरणान्तं हि जीवितम् ॥ ३ ॥

sarve kṣayāntā nicayāḥ patanāntāḥ samucchrayāḥ |
saṃyogā viprayogāntā maraṇāntaṃ hi jīvitam || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...are shed. Kill your grief with your intelligence, and bear thyself up with the strength of your own self!’ Thus was the king comforted by the high-souled Sanjaya. Vidura then...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sarva, Kshaya, Tas, Nicaya, Patana, Samucchraya, Samyoga, Viprayoga, Marananta, Jivita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 11.2.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sarve kṣayāntā nicayāḥ patanāntāḥ samucchrayāḥ
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kṣayān -
  • kṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nicayāḥ -
  • nicaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • patanān -
  • patana (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tāḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samucchrayāḥ -
  • samucchraya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samucchrayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “saṃyogā viprayogāntā maraṇāntaṃ hi jīvitam
  • saṃyogā* -
  • saṃyoga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • viprayogān -
  • viprayoga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • maraṇāntam -
  • maraṇānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    maraṇānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    maraṇāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • jīvitam -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 11.2.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 11.2.3 in Kannada sript:
ಸರ್ವೇ ಕ್ಷಯಾನ್ತಾ ನಿಚಯಾಃ ಪತನಾನ್ತಾಃ ಸಮುಚ್ಛ್ರಯಾಃ ।
ಸಂಯೋಗಾ ವಿಪ್ರಯೋಗಾನ್ತಾ ಮರಣಾನ್ತಂ ಹಿ ಜೀವಿತಮ್ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 11.2.3 in Bengali sript:
সর্বে ক্ষযান্তা নিচযাঃ পতনান্তাঃ সমুচ্ছ্রযাঃ ।
সংযোগা বিপ্রযোগান্তা মরণান্তং হি জীবিতম্ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 11.2.3 in Gujarati sript:
સર્વે ક્ષયાન્તા નિચયાઃ પતનાન્તાઃ સમુચ્છ્રયાઃ ।
સંયોગા વિપ્રયોગાન્તા મરણાન્તં હિ જીવિતમ્ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 11.2.3 in Malayalam sript:
സര്വേ ക്ഷയാന്താ നിചയാഃ പതനാന്താഃ സമുച്ഛ്രയാഃ ।
സംയോഗാ വിപ്രയോഗാന്താ മരണാന്തം ഹി ജീവിതമ് ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 11.2.3 in Telugu sript:
సర్వే క్షయాన్తా నిచయాః పతనాన్తాః సముచ్ఛ్రయాః ।
సంయోగా విప్రయోగాన్తా మరణాన్తం హి జీవితమ్ ॥ ౩ ॥

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