Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.40.120

स विक्रमं हृतं मेने आत्मनः सुमहात्मना ।
तथास्य समरे राजन्वपुरासीत्सुदुर्दृशम् ॥ १२० ॥

sa vikramaṃ hṛtaṃ mene ātmanaḥ sumahātmanā |
tathāsya samare rājanvapurāsītsudurdṛśam || 120 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...very sight, O monarch, of your sons, conversant with all modes of warfare, and of, Shakuni the son of Subala, and of Karna, O king! Though sought to be stopped, O king, by your sons, that great army, afflicted...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.40.120). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vikrama, Hrit, Hrita, Mena, Meni, Atman, Sumahatman, Sumahatmana, Tatha, Idam, Samara, Rajan, Rajat, Vapu, Vapus, Sudurdrisha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.40.120). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa vikramaṃ hṛtaṃ mene ātmanaḥ sumahātmanā
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vikramam -
  • vikrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • hṛtam -
  • hṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    hṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
    hṛ -> hṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √hṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • mene -
  • mena (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    menā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    meni (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    man (verb class 4)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    man (verb class 8)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • ātmanaḥ -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • sumahātmanā -
  • sumahātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sumahātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sumahātmanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tathāsya samare rājanvapurāsītsudurdṛśam
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • vapur -
  • vapus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vapus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vapu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vapu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • āsīt -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [aorist active third single], [injunctive active third single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • sudurdṛśam -
  • sudurdṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sudurdṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sudurdṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.40.120

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.120 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ವಿಕ್ರಮಂ ಹೃತಂ ಮೇನೇ ಆತ್ಮನಃ ಸುಮಹಾತ್ಮನಾ ।
ತಥಾಸ್ಯ ಸಮರೇ ರಾಜನ್ವಪುರಾಸೀತ್ಸುದುರ್ದೃಶಮ್ ॥ ೧೨೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.120 in Bengali sript:
স বিক্রমং হৃতং মেনে আত্মনঃ সুমহাত্মনা ।
তথাস্য সমরে রাজন্বপুরাসীত্সুদুর্দৃশম্ ॥ ১২০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.120 in Gujarati sript:
સ વિક્રમં હૃતં મેને આત્મનઃ સુમહાત્મના ।
તથાસ્ય સમરે રાજન્વપુરાસીત્સુદુર્દૃશમ્ ॥ ૧૨૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.120 in Malayalam sript:
സ വിക്രമം ഹൃതം മേനേ ആത്മനഃ സുമഹാത്മനാ ।
തഥാസ്യ സമരേ രാജന്വപുരാസീത്സുദുര്ദൃശമ് ॥ ൧൨൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.40.120 in Telugu sript:
స విక్రమం హృతం మేనే ఆత్మనః సుమహాత్మనా ।
తథాస్య సమరే రాజన్వపురాసీత్సుదుర్దృశమ్ ॥ ౧౨౦ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: