Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.4.43

तथा राजा महेष्वासो जलसंधो महाबलः ।
सुमहत्कदनं कृत्वा हतः सात्यकिना रणे ॥ ४३ ॥

tathā rājā maheṣvāso jalasaṃdho mahābalaḥ |
sumahatkadanaṃ kṛtvā hataḥ sātyakinā raṇe || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...battle, has at last obtained undisturbed peace. That foremost of Sutas, viz., Senavindu, having consumed many foes in battle, has, at last, O king been slain by Bahlika. Dhrishtaketu, O monarch, that foremost of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.4.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatha, Raja, Maheshvasa, Jalasandha, Mahabala, Sumahat, Kadana, Kritva, Kritvan, Hata, Satyaki, Satyakin, Rana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.4.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tathā rājā maheṣvāso jalasaṃdho mahābalaḥ
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • maheṣvāso* -
  • maheṣvāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jalasandho* -
  • jalasandha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mahābalaḥ -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sumahatkadanaṃ kṛtvā hataḥ sātyakinā raṇe
  • sumahat -
  • sumahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kadanam -
  • kadana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hataḥ -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • sātyakinā -
  • sātyaki (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sātyakin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • raṇe -
  • raṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    raṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.4.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.4.43 in Kannada sript:
ತಥಾ ರಾಜಾ ಮಹೇಷ್ವಾಸೋ ಜಲಸಂಧೋ ಮಹಾಬಲಃ ।
ಸುಮಹತ್ಕದನಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ಹತಃ ಸಾತ್ಯಕಿನಾ ರಣೇ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.4.43 in Bengali sript:
তথা রাজা মহেষ্বাসো জলসংধো মহাবলঃ ।
সুমহত্কদনং কৃত্বা হতঃ সাত্যকিনা রণে ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.4.43 in Gujarati sript:
તથા રાજા મહેષ્વાસો જલસંધો મહાબલઃ ।
સુમહત્કદનં કૃત્વા હતઃ સાત્યકિના રણે ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.4.43 in Malayalam sript:
തഥാ രാജാ മഹേഷ്വാസോ ജലസംധോ മഹാബലഃ ।
സുമഹത്കദനം കൃത്വാ ഹതഃ സാത്യകിനാ രണേ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 8.4.43 in Telugu sript:
తథా రాజా మహేష్వాసో జలసంధో మహాబలః ।
సుమహత్కదనం కృత్వా హతః సాత్యకినా రణే ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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