Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 19.5

क्व स्वप्नः क्व सुषुप्तिर्वा क्व च जागरणं तथा ।
क्व तुरीयं भयं वाऽपि स्वमहिम्नि स्थितस्य मे ॥ ५ ॥

kva svapnaḥ kva suṣuptirvā kva ca jāgaraṇaṃ tathā |
kva turīyaṃ bhayaṃ vā'pi svamahimni sthitasya me || 5 ||

For me established in my own glory, there is no dreaming or deep sleep, no waking nor fourth state beyond them, and certainly no fear.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kva, Svapna, Svapnas, Sushupti, Jagarana, Tatha, Turiya, Bhaya, Api, Sva, Ahi, Sthita, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kva svapnaḥ kva suṣuptirvā kva ca jāgaraṇaṃ tathā
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • svapnaḥ -
  • svapnas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svapnas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    svapna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • suṣuptir -
  • suṣupti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāgaraṇam -
  • jāgaraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jāgaraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jāgaraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kva turīyaṃ bhayaṃ vā'pi svamahimni sthitasya me
  • kva -
  • kva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • turīyam -
  • turīya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    turīya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    turīyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vā' -
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • svam -
  • sva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    sva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ahim -
  • ahi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ni -
  • ni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sthitasya -
  • sthita (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    sthita (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sthā -> sthita (participle, masculine)
    [genitive single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> sthita (participle, neuter)
    [genitive single from √sthā class 1 verb]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 19.5

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

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Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
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