Shakatayana, Śākaṭāyana: 9 definitions


Shakatayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākaṭāyana can be transliterated into English as Sakatayana or Shakatayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shakatayana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—A famous grammarian. He lived before Yāska and Pāṇini. He is considered to be the author of the well-known text on grammar called 'Uṇādisūtrapāṭha'. He is referred to as the foremost among the grammarians in the aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini. (Pāṇinisūtra, 1, 4, 86 and 87).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—A pravara of the Bhārgavas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 195. 31; 196. 45.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Shakatayana in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—Name of an ancient reputed scholar of Grammar and Pratisakhyas who is quoted by Panini. He is despisingly referred to by Patanjali as a traitor grammarian sympathizing with the Nairuktas or etymologists in holding the view that all substantives are derivable and can be derived from roots; cf. तत्र नामान्याख्यातजानीति शाकटायनो नैरुक्तसमयश्च (tatra nāmānyākhyātajānīti śākaṭāyano nairuktasamayaśca) Nir.I.12; cf. also नाम च धातुजमाह निरुक्ते व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् (nāma ca dhātujamāha nirukte vyākaraṇe śakaṭasya ca tokam) M. Bh on P.III.3.1. Sakatayana is believed to have been the author of the Unadisutrapatha as also of the RkTantra Pratisakhya of the Samaveda;

2) Śākaṭāyana.—Name of a Jain grammarian named पाल्यकीर्ति शाकटायन (pālyakīrti śākaṭāyana) who lived in the ninth century during the reign of the Rastrakuta king Amoghavarsa and wrote the Sabdanusana which is much similar to the Sutrapatha of Panini and introduced a new System of Grammar. His work named the Sabdanusasana consists of four chapters which are arranged in the form of topics, which are named सिद्धि (siddhi). The grammar work is called शब्दानुशासन (śabdānuśāsana).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakatayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—Name of a philologist and grammarian often referred to by Pāṇini and Yāska; cf. व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् (vyākaraṇe śakaṭasya ca tokam) Nir.

Derivable forms: śākaṭāyanaḥ (शाकटायनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—m.

(-naḥ) Name of a philologist and grammarian.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन).—[masculine] names of grammarians.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—ancient. Quoted in Ṛkprātiśākhya 1, 3. 13, 16, in Vājasaneyiprātiśākhya 3, 8. 11. 86. 4, 4. 126. 188, in Atharvaprātiśākhya 2, 24, by Yāska 1, 3. 12. 13, in Bṛhaddevatā W. p. 10, by Pāṇini 3, 4, 111. 8, 3, 18. 4, 11, by Kātyāyana Oxf. 160^a.

2) Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन):—modern. Quoted by Kṣīrasvāmin, by Hemacandra Oxf. 185^b, in Gaṇaratnamahodadhi, in Mādhavīyadhātuvṛtti, by Vopadeva Oxf. 175^b, by Jayamaṅgala on Bhaṭṭikāvya 17, 9. 61, by Bharatasena ibid. 2, 7, by Mallinātha Oxf. 113^b, by Bhaṭṭoji Oxf. 162^b, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śākaṭāyana (शाकटायन):—[from śākaṭa] m. ([from] śakaṭa) [patronymic] of an ancient grammarian, [Prātiśākhya; Nirukta, by Yāska; Pāṇini]

2) [v.s. ...] of a modern grammarian, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi; Vopadeva]

3) [v.s. ...] of the author of a law-book (See -smṛti).

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakatayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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