Nighantu, aka: Nighaṇṭu; 7 Definition(s)


Nighantu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Nighantu in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु).—A name given to a collection of words which are mainly Vedic. In ancient times such collections were possibly very general and numerous and the works or treatises on derivation such as the Nirukta of Yaska were based upon them; cf. निघण्टवः कस्मात् । निगमा इमे भवन्ति । छन्दोभ्यः समाहृत्य समाहृत्य समाम्नातास्ते निगन्तव एव सन्तो निगमनान्निघण्टव उच्यन्ते इत्यौपमन्यवः । अपि वा आहननादेव स्युः (nighaṇṭavaḥ kasmāt | nigamā ime bhavanti | chandobhyaḥ samāhṛtya samāhṛtya samāmnātāste nigantava eva santo nigamanānnighaṇṭava ucyante ityaupamanyavaḥ | api vā āhananādeva syuḥ) | समाहता भवन्ति । यद्वा समाहृता भवन्ति (samāhatā bhavanti | yadvā samāhṛtā bhavanti) (Nir.I.1) where the word is derived from गम् (gam),or हन् (han) or हृ (hṛ). The word निघण्टु (nighaṇṭu) is taken as synonymous with निगम (nigama) by Durgacarya.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

Nighantu in Kosha glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु) is the earliest lexicon generally ascribed to Sakalya, containing a collection of Vedic words arranged in several groups. Yāska gives the derivation of the word nighaṇṭu as given by Upamanyu. The lexicon has five chapters. The first three comprise the nighaṇṭukakāṇḍa dealing synonyms, the fourth is naigamakāṇḍa dealing with homonyms and the fifth one is the daivatakāṇḍa, dealing with the names of deities. The first chapter deals with physical objects like earth, air, water and natural objects, like clouds, day, dawn, night, etc. The second chapter treats of human beings, the parts of human body, such as arms, fingers, etc., as also objects and properties associated with human beings, like wealth, prosperity, battle, etc. The third chapter deals with abstract qualities, such as heaviness, lightness, etc.

Source: Shodhganga: Technical study of the dictionaries published in Sanskrit language since 1800 AD
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Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु) refers to a tradition of Ayurvedic literature.—Nighaṇṭu may be defined as a glossary containing synonymous groups, the names of the drugs, plants, animals, minerals or anything that is administered either as food or medicines, to the human body. Rājanighaṇṭu explains the importance of Nighaṇṭu as—“A physician without the knowledge of nighaṇṭu, a scholar without the knowledge of grammar and a soldier without weapons, all these three are laughed at in this world”. From this statement it is clear that the knowledge of nighaṇṭu is indispensable for a physician.

The early Nighaṇṭus like Aṣṭāṅganighaṇṭu, Paryāyaratnamālā, Nighaṇaṭuśeṣa, Abhidhānaratnamālā and Mādhavadravyaguṇa give only the synonyms of food items and medicines. But the later Nighaṇṭus like Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu, Madanapālanighaṇṭu, Rājanighaṇṭu, Kaiyadevanighaṇṭu and Bhāvaprakāśanighaṇṭu add the properties, reaction of the physique to them and uses of food items and medicines. [...] These Nighaṇṭus have a detailed description of almost all of the food substances as well as medicinal substances. The study of these Nighaṇṭus will make more easy to the study of Ayurvedic treatises also.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Nighantu in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nighaṇṭu is a Sanskrit term for a traditional collection of words, grouped into thematic categories, often with brief annotations. Such collections share characteristics with glossaries and thesauri, but are not true lexicons, such as the kośa of Sanskrit literature. Particular collections are also called nighaṇṭava.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nighantu in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nighaṇṭu (निघंटु).—m A vocabulary of the words pe- culiar to the Vedas. A vocabulary gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nighantu in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

Nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु).—

1) A vocabulary or glossary of words.

2) Particularly the glossary of Vedic words explained by Yāska, in his Nirukta.

Derivable forms: nighaṇṭuḥ (निघण्टुः).

See also (synonyms): nighaṇṭa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nighaṇṭu (निघण्टु).—m.

(-ṇṭuḥ) A vocabulary, a collection of words or names.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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