Vratin: 10 definitions


Vratin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vratin (व्रतिन्) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Vāma, Vāmarūpa, Vāmanetra, Aghora, the great lord and the Vikaṭa. Obeisance to Tatpuruṣa, to Nātha, the ancient Puruṣa, the bestower of the four aims of life, Vratin, and Parameṣṭhin. Obeisance to you, Īśānas, Īśvara, Brahman, of the form of Brahman, the Supreme Soul”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vratin (व्रतिन्) refers to “one who observes vows”, according tot the Mṛgendrāgama (Caryāpāda) verse 2-3, 8-10, in the section on expiation (prāyaścitta).—Accordingly, “The teacher, the adept (Sādhaka who repeats) mantra (mantravṛtti), the (spiritual) son and (ordinary) follower of the Rule (samayin) are the four kinds of Śaivas and these may either observe vows (vratin) or not (avratin). Those who observe vows may have matted hair (jaṭila) or shaved heads (muṇḍa). Amongst them, Brahmins are white with ashes and (the others according to their) caste are adorned (if they are Kṣatriyas) with a single sectarian mark (tilaka), (a triple) line of ash (if they are Vaiśyas) and (thick bands of ash in the shape of strips of) cloth (if they are Śūdras)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—a. Observing a vow, practising penance, devout, pious; नायज्वभिर्नाव्रतिकैः (nāyajvabhirnāvratikaiḥ) Mb.3.43.5; व्रतिनः पापशीलानामसतीनां कुलस्त्रियः (vratinaḥ pāpaśīlānāmasatīnāṃ kulastriyaḥ) (dveṣyāḥ) Pt.1.416. -m.

1) A religious student; भैक्षेण वर्तयेन्नित्यं नैकान्नादी भवेद् व्रती । भैक्षेण व्रतिनो वृत्तिरुपवाससमा स्मृता (bhaikṣeṇa vartayennityaṃ naikānnādī bhaved vratī | bhaikṣeṇa vratino vṛttirupavāsasamā smṛtā) || Ms.2.188.

2) An ascetic, a devotee; किं तावद् व्रतिनामुपोढतपसां विघ्नैस्तपो दूषितम् (kiṃ tāvad vratināmupoḍhatapasāṃ vighnaistapo dūṣitam) Ś.5. 9.

3) One who institutes a sacrifice; cf. यजमान (yajamāna).

See also (synonyms): vratika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—mfn. (-tī-tinī-ti) Engaged in or observing a religious vow or obligation. m. (-tī) 1. An employer of priests. 2. An ascetic, a devotee, one engaged in the observance of a vow or penance. 3. The religious student. E. vrata a vow, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—i. e. vrata + in, I. adj. Engaged in a religious vow or obligation, pious, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 467. Ii. m. 1. An employer of priests. 2. An ascetic. 3. A religious student, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 189; 4, 91; 11, 121.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—[adjective] = vratavant, also observing, honouring, behaving like (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vratin (व्रतिन्):—[from vrata] mfn. observing a vow, engaged in a religious observance etc., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) engaged in, worshipping, behaving like, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an ascetic, devotee, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] a religious student, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] one who institutes a sacrifice and employs priests (= yajamāna), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्):—[(tī-tinī-ti) m.] An employer of priests; a devotee, a religious student.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vratin (व्रतिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vratin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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