Vratin, Vratī, Vrati: 18 definitions


Vratin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vratin (व्रतिन्) is used as an epithet for Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Vāma, Vāmarūpa, Vāmanetra, Aghora, the great lord and the Vikaṭa. Obeisance to Tatpuruṣa, to Nātha, the ancient Puruṣa, the bestower of the four aims of life, Vratin, and Parameṣṭhin. Obeisance to you, Īśānas, Īśvara, Brahman, of the form of Brahman, the Supreme Soul”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vratī (व्रती).—A sham heretic.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 41.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vratin (व्रतिन्) refers to “one who observes vows”, according tot the Mṛgendrāgama (Caryāpāda) verse 2-3, 8-10, in the section on expiation (prāyaścitta).—Accordingly, “The teacher, the adept (Sādhaka who repeats) mantra (mantravṛtti), the (spiritual) son and (ordinary) follower of the Rule (samayin) are the four kinds of Śaivas and these may either observe vows (vratin) or not (avratin). Those who observe vows may have matted hair (jaṭila) or shaved heads (muṇḍa). Amongst them, Brahmins are white with ashes and (the others according to their) caste are adorned (if they are Kṣatriyas) with a single sectarian mark (tilaka), (a triple) line of ash (if they are Vaiśyas) and (thick bands of ash in the shape of strips of) cloth (if they are Śūdras)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vratin (व्रतिन्) refers to “followers of an observance”, according to the Svacchandatantra 11.182-184.—Accordingly, “It is called Atimārga because it is beyond the mental dispositions. It is taught as ‘atimārga’ because the doctrine is beyond the worlds. And the lokas are designated ‘bound souls’, in the cycle of birth and death. They who are established in the atimārga, [that is to say] the followers of the observance of the skull (kapāla-vratin) and the Pāśupatas, they are to be known as beyond them. There is no rebirth for them and they abide in [the reality of] Īśvara, in [the world of] Dhruva”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Vratin (व्रतिन्) refers to “one who observes a vow”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...] [He should meditate on] moistures of pleasure of wisdom and means in all junctures throughout the body. He should visualize [himself (Heruka)] being splendorous with fires, [which assume the shape of] various [forms of] Heruka. The vow-observer (vratin) should give turbans to the heads of all [Herukas] . [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Vrati (व्रति, “votary”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.18, “The votary is free from stings”. Who is called a votary (vrati)? The one who observes vows and is free from thorns or stings (śalya) is called a votary. What is meant by stings? An entity which causes misery to the soul like thorn to the body is called sting. How many types of stings are there? Stings are of three types namely deceit, perverted faith and ‘desire for enjoyment of pleasure’.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.19, can we call a person who observes only one of the vows as a votary (vrati)? No, as a votary is one who practises all the five vows partially or completely.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vratin (व्रतिन्) refers to “mendicants”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “On account of the difference between what is intentional and unintentional [com.—intentional (sakāmā) is for those who have subdued their senses (yamināṃ), for mendicants (vratināṃ); the other [kind], which is unintentional (akāma), is for all embodied souls (sarvadehinām)], wearing away karma has two varieties which are the cause for cutting off the many chains produced by actions. Just as fruits of a tree ripen of their own accord and from [different] means so in this world [the ripening] of karmas is to be understood as [being] of its own accord in the form of [different] means”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Vratī (व्रती).—a That is holding some reli- gious observance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—a. Observing a vow, practising penance, devout, pious; नायज्वभिर्नाव्रतिकैः (nāyajvabhirnāvratikaiḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.43.5; व्रतिनः पापशीलानामसतीनां कुलस्त्रियः (vratinaḥ pāpaśīlānāmasatīnāṃ kulastriyaḥ) (dveṣyāḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.416. -m.

1) A religious student; भैक्षेण वर्तयेन्नित्यं नैकान्नादी भवेद् व्रती । भैक्षेण व्रतिनो वृत्तिरुपवाससमा स्मृता (bhaikṣeṇa vartayennityaṃ naikānnādī bhaved vratī | bhaikṣeṇa vratino vṛttirupavāsasamā smṛtā) || Manusmṛti 2.188.

2) An ascetic, a devotee; किं तावद् व्रतिनामुपोढतपसां विघ्नैस्तपो दूषितम् (kiṃ tāvad vratināmupoḍhatapasāṃ vighnaistapo dūṣitam) Ś.5. 9.

3) One who institutes a sacrifice; cf. यजमान (yajamāna).

See also (synonyms): vratika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—mfn. (-tī-tinī-ti) Engaged in or observing a religious vow or obligation. m. (-tī) 1. An employer of priests. 2. An ascetic, a devotee, one engaged in the observance of a vow or penance. 3. The religious student. E. vrata a vow, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—i. e. vrata + in, I. adj. Engaged in a religious vow or obligation, pious, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 467. Ii. m. 1. An employer of priests. 2. An ascetic. 3. A religious student, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 189; 4, 91; 11, 121.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्).—[adjective] = vratavant, also observing, honouring, behaving like (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vratin (व्रतिन्):—[from vrata] mfn. observing a vow, engaged in a religious observance etc., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) engaged in, worshipping, behaving like, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an ascetic, devotee, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] a religious student, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] one who institutes a sacrifice and employs priests (= yajamāna), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vratin (व्रतिन्):—[(tī-tinī-ti) m.] An employer of priests; a devotee, a religious student.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vratin (व्रतिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vratin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vratī (व्रती):—(a and nm) (one who is) observing a fast/vow, one who takes a pledge; engaged in religious observance.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vrati (ವ್ರತಿ):—

1) [noun] a person observing strictly some moral, ethical principles.

2) [noun] a person observing a vow, engaged in a religious or pious observance.

3) [noun] a person who leads a life of contemplation and rigorous self-denial for religious purposes; an ascetic.

4) [noun] a person who is engaged in a religious sacrifice.

5) [noun] a jaina monk.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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