Vrati, Vratī: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Vrati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vratī (व्रती).—A sham heretic.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 14. 41.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Vrati (व्रति, “votary”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.18, “The votary is free from stings”. Who is called a votary (vrati)? The one who observes vows and is free from thorns or stings (śalya) is called a votary. What is meant by stings? An entity which causes misery to the soul like thorn to the body is called sting. How many types of stings are there? Stings are of three types namely deceit, perverted faith and ‘desire for enjoyment of pleasure’.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 7.19, can we call a person who observes only one of the vows as a votary (vrati)? No, as a votary is one who practises all the five vows partially or completely.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vratī (व्रती).—a That is holding some reli- gious observance.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vratī (व्रती):—(a and nm) (one who is) observing a fast/vow, one who takes a pledge; engaged in religious observance.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vrati (ವ್ರತಿ):—

1) [noun] a person observing strictly some moral, ethical principles.

2) [noun] a person observing a vow, engaged in a religious or pious observance.

3) [noun] a person who leads a life of contemplation and rigorous self-denial for religious purposes; an ascetic.

4) [noun] a person who is engaged in a religious sacrifice.

5) [noun] a jaina monk.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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