Utsarpini, Utsarpiṇī: 11 definitions


Utsarpini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Utsarpini in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी) refers to a river which overflows its banks according to Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita who refers to Viṣṇupurāṇa regarding Utsarpin.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Utsarpini in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी) refers to one of the two divisions of time (the other being Avasarpiṇī), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.


“Time is two-fold from the division into avasarpiṇī and utsarpiṇī. There are six spokes in avasarpiṇī, beginning with Ekāntasuṣamā (Pure Bliss). Of these Ekāntasuṣamā lasts for four crores of crores of sāgaras, and Suṣamā (Bliss) for three; Suṣamāduḥṣamā (Bliss-Sorrow) for two, Duḥṣamasuṣamā (Sorrow-Bliss) for one crore of crores of sāgaropamas minus forty-two thousand years; Duḥṣamā (Sorrow) lasts for twenty-one thousand years, and Ekāntaduḥṣamā (Pure Sorrow) for the same measure of years. The spokes which are in avasarpiṇī, these have been described. They are the same in utsarpiṇī, but in reverse order. So in avasarpiṇī and utsarpiṇī together there are twenty crores of crores of sāgaropamas”.

The six spokes (of the twelve-spoked wheel of time) of utsarpiṇī are as follows:

  1. in the first spoke they live for sixteen years and are one foot and a half high, filled with pure sorrow.
  2. in the second spoke, they live for one hundred years and are ten and a half feet tall;
  3. in the third spoke lacking former power, men live for a crore of pūrvas, five hundred bows tall.
  4. in the fourth spoke, men live for one palya, are two miles tall, and eat every second day.
  5. in the fifth spoke, mortals live for two palyas, are four miles tall, and eat every third day.
  6. in the sixth spoke, human beings live for three palyas, are six miles tall, and eat every fourth day.

[Note: In avasarpiṇī men must be known to be such (as in utsarpiṇī) in the six spokes in reverse order.]

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी) is a period of progressive prosperity and happiness where the time spans and ages are at an increasing scale. The wheel of time is divided into two half-rotations, Utsarpiṇī or ascending time cycle and Avasarpiṇī, the descending time cycle, occurring continuously after each other. During each such time cycle, these 63 illustrious persons appear and establish the religion and order in society. According to Jain cosmology, since time is eternal, infinite kalacakras have elapsed and will occur in future and hence infinite sets of these 63 illustrious persons have appeared, and will appear, to establish order and religion in their respective eras.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी, “progressive half-cycle”) refers to the second main part of the Kālacakra (time-cycle).—After the end of the Duṣamā-Duṣama half cycle of the avasarpiṇī cycle, a progressive half cycle called utsarpiṇī will arise. Just like the avasarpiṇī, utsarpiṇī too will have six Ārakas in the reverse. That is, the first Āraka will be Duṣamā-Duṣama and the last, or sixth will be Suṣamā-Suṣama. The first ārā of utsarpiṇī cycle will be of 21 thousand years and the situation will be similar to the one in the sixth ara of avasarpiṇī (regressive) half cycle. The only difference is that in utsarpiṇī the situation will progressively improve.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी) refers to the “progressive half of the cycle of time”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith, wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance , place, right time [com.—time (kālaḥ) is characterised by the progressive half of the cycle of time, etc. (utsarpiṇyādilakṣaṇaḥ) or indicated by the setting and rising of the sun, etc. (sūryagamāgamādivyaṅgyaḥ)], life and intention”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Utsarpini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी).—f. (-ṇī) A Jaina division of time, a long period described as 10 crores of oceans of years; this period alternates with one of similar duration: see avasarpiṇī. E. ut much, sṛp to go, ṇini and ṅīṣ affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी):—[from utsarpin > ut-sṛp] f. ‘the ascending cycle’ (divided into six stages beginning with bad-bad time and rising upwards in the reverse order to ava-sarpiṇi. q.v.), [Āryabhaṭa; Jaina literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी):—[utsa+rpiṇī] (ṇī) 3. f. A Jaina division of time, millions of years.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Utsarpiṇī (उत्सर्पिणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ussappiṇī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Utsarpini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Utsarpini in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Utsarpiṇi (ಉತ್ಸರ್ಪಿಣಿ):—[noun] (Jain.) the period, as a part of a cycle, in which a man thrives well.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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