Suradeva, Sūradeva, Shuradeva: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Suradeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Suradeva in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sūradeva (सूरदेव) is the son of king Vīradeva and Padmarati from Ujjayinī, as mentioned in the ninth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 83. Accordingly, “... when King Vīradeva had heard this [Śiva’s] voice from heaven, he returned to his city [Ujjayinī] with his consort, having gained all he desired. There he first had a son born to him, named Sūradeva, and after a time Queen Padmarati gave birth to a daughter. And her father gave her the name of Anaṅgarati, on the ground that she was beautiful enough to inspire love in the breast of Kāma”.

The story of Sūradeva is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvii.13.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūradeva (शूरदेव).—m.

(-vaḥ) The second Jaina of the future era.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūradeva (शूरदेव).—[masculine] [Name] of a prince.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śūradeva (शूरदेव):—[=śūra-deva] [from śūra > sūr] m. Name of a son of king Vīra-deva, [ib.]

2) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) Name of the second of the 24 Arhats of the future Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śūradeva (शूरदेव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. 2nd Jaina of a future age.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śūradeva (शूरदेव):—m. Nomen proprium

1) eines Sohnes des Fürsten Vīradeva [Kathāsaritsāgara 83, 12.] —

2) des 2ten Arhant's in der zukünftigen Utsarpiṇī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 53.] — Vgl. śauradevya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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