Ushtha, Uṣṭha: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Ushtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Uṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Ustha or Ushtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Uṣṭha (उष्ठ) refers to the “lips”. It is one of the parts of the human body with which gestures (āṅgika) are performaned, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are six different ‘gestures of the lips’ (uṣṭha) defined:

  1. vivartana (narrowing),
  2. kampana (trembling),
  3. visarga (spreading out),
  4. vinigūhana (concealing),
  5. sandaṣṭaka (biting),
  6. samudgaka (contracting).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of ushtha or ustha in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Uṣṭha (उष्ठ) [=Uṣṭā?] refers to the “lips”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That (was) the subtle, supreme visualization. (Now) listen to the gross one with limbs. O Kaulinī, I will tell you without doubt (what it is) as you (yourself) know it (to be). (The gross form has) five faces, ten arms and, pure, it has a smiling face. The face of the goddess is completely full (of light and joy) and she shines with (her) beautiful teeth and lips [i.e., cārudanta-uṣṭha-bhāṣiṇī]. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ushtha or ustha in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

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