Subhuti, Su-bhuti, Subhūti: 6 definitions

Introduction

Subhuti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Subhuti in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Subhūti (सुभूति) is the son of Vasubhūti: the chief of a gang of robbers (caura-camūpati) from Sughoṣa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Padmiṣṭhā said to Śrīdarśana: “... and he [Vasubhūti] made me [Padmiṣṭhā] a prisoner and carried me off to his house, and he has made arrangements to give me in marriage to his son Subhūti. But his son has gone off somewhere to plunder a caravan, and, owing to my good fortune, the result of good deeds in a former birth, he has not yet returned; now it remains for Destiny to dispose of me”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Subhūti, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Subhūti (सुभूति) is the name of a disciple of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “Among the Buddha’s disciples, Śāriputra is the first of the sages, and Subhūti is the first of those who have attained the concentration of tranquility”.

Also, “Furthermore, Subhūti excels in practicing the concentration of emptiness (śūnyatā-samādhi). Having spent the summer retreat (varṣa) among the Tao li (Trāyastriṇśa) gods, the Buddha came down into Jambudvīpa”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Subhūti (सुभूति).—

1) well-being, welfare.

2) the Tittira bird; Gīrvāṇa.

Derivable forms: subhūtiḥ (सुभूतिः).

Subhūti is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and bhūti (भूति).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Subhūti (सुभूति).—(1) name of a Śākya of Devaḍaha, father of Māyā: Mahāvastu i.355.15; 356.5; ii.18.7; (2) (= Pali id., a thera) name of a disciple of Buddha, a sthavira: Mahāvyutpatti 1035; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.7; 100.1; 146.13; 148.5; 149.6; Lalitavistara 1.17; Divyāvadāna 361.19; Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.9; the Subhūti of Avadāna-śataka chapter 91, ii.128.3 ff., has a story showing little resemblance to the Pali story of Subhūti, but both are entitled ‘chief of disciples that are araṇāvihārin (see araṇa)’, or in Pali araṇa°; Vajracchedikā 19.14 etc. 26.17; Su° is also first of dākṣiṇeya disciples, Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 161.18, as also in Pali of dakkhiṇeyya (in Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) i.24.8—9 both titles are given him); the same as the Pali personage is doubtless meant also in Kāśyapa Parivarta 141.1 ff.; and Śikṣāsamuccaya 146.8 (from Dharmasaṃgīti-sūtra) and, all from the Bhagavatī, q.v., Śikṣāsamuccaya 202.8; 210.3 (= Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1430.5); 262.12; (3) name of a Bodhisattva (compare Subhūmi): (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 461.6; (4) name of a kalpa: Gaṇḍavyūha 446.23.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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