Tittira Jataka, aka: Tittira-jātaka; 2 Definition(s)
Tittira Jataka means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
1. Tittira Jataka (No.37) - There were once three friends, a partridge (tittira), a monkey and an elephant. Discovering that the partridge was the oldest of them, they honoured him as their teacher and he gave them counsel. Their conduct came to be called the Tittiriya brahmacariya. The Bodhisatta was the partridge, Moggallana the elephant, and Sariputta the monkey.
The story was related in reference to the failure of the Chabbaggiyas to show due respect to Sariputta. Once, when he visited them in company with the Buddha, they refused to provide him with lodging, and he had to sleep under a tree. J.i.217ff; cp. Vin.ii.161; Avadana S.ii.17.
2. Tittira Jataka (No.117) - The Bodhisatta was once a leader of five hundred ascetics. One day, a talkative ascetic approached a jaundiced colleague who was chopping wood and worried him by giving him directions on how to do it. The ill man killed him with one blow of the axe. Soon after, a partridge, who used to sing on an anthill near by, was killed by a fowler. The Bodhisatta pointed out to his followers how the death of both was due to their talking too much.
The story was told in reference to Kokalika, who is identified with the chattering ascetic. J.i.431f.
3. Tittira Jataka (No.319) - Once the Bodhisatta was a brahmin ascetic, and Rahula a decoy partridge used by a village fowler. When the partridge uttered a cry, other partridges would flock to him, and they were killed by the fowler. The partridge was filled with remorse, fearing that he was doing wrong. One day he met the Bodhisatta who set his doubts at rest.
The story was told in reference to Rahulas readiness to profit by instruction (J.iii.64ff). It was related by Moggaliputta Tissa to Asoka, to prove to him that an action becomes a crime only when performed with bad intention. Mhv.v.264.
4. Tittira Jataka (No.438) - Once in Benares was a famous teacher who retired into the forest. Men came from all parts to learn from him and brought him many presents. He had in his house a tame partridge, who, by listening to the teachers exposition, learnt the three Vedas by heart. A tame lizard and a cow were given as presents to the teacher. When the teacher died, his students were in despair, but were reassured by the partridge who taught them what he knew. One day a wicked ascetic came to the hermitage and, in the absence of the students, killed the partridge, the young lizard and the cow. The partridge had two friends, a lion and a tiger, who killed the murderer.
The ascetic was Devadatta, the lizard Kisagotami, the tiger Moggallana, the lion Sariputta, the teacher Maha Kassapa, and the partridge the Bodhisatta.
The story was related in reference to Devadattas attempts to kill the Buddha. J.iii.536f.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Tittira, (Onomat. cp. Vedic tittira & tittiri, Gr. tatuρas pheasant, Lit. teterva heath-cock; Lat. tetrinnio to cackle) partridge J. I, 218; III, 538.—pattikā a kind of boot Vin. I, 186. (Page 302)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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Search found 3 books and stories containing Tittira Jataka or Tittira-jātaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 117: Tittira-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Jataka 319: Tittira-jātaka < [Volume 3]
Jataka 37: Tittira-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Advice To Rāhula (by Nyanaponika Thera)
The Mahavamsa (by Wilhelm Geiger)