Tataka, Taṭaka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Tataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tāṭakā (ताटका).—A fierce demoness. It was because of a curse of the sage Agastya that Tāṭakā became a demoness.

There was once a great Yakṣa named Suketu, a son of Surakṣa. He did penance to propitiate Brahmā to get a child and by the blessing of Brahmā Suketu got a daughter named Tāṭakā. Brahmā gave her the strength of a thousand elephants. Taṭakā was by nature interested in cruel and violent deeds and doing deeds of magic. She made Sunda, son of Jharjha, her husband. She got two sons named Mārīca and Subāhu. They also became mighty ones great in deeds by magic.

Once Sunda attacked the āśrama of Agastya in a mood of intoxicated arrogance. Sunda was burnt to death in the fire of his fury. Tāṭakā coming to know of the death of her husband got angry and attacked the āśrama of Agastya with her sons. Agastya cursed them and made them into demons. Tāṭakā and her sons who immediately turned themselves into fierce-looking demons went first to Pātāla with Sumālī, father of the demon race and then went with Rāvaṇa, King of the demons, to Laṅkā and stayed there. With the help of Rāvaṇa, Tāṭakā conquered the great deep forest near Kārūṣa and stayed there with her sons. None, devas, demons or men, dared to step into that forest. Even the Sun or Clouds avoided passing above that forest.

It was at that time that Śrī Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa came to that forest with Viśvāmitra. Tāṭakā attacked Śrī Rāma and Rāma killed her with one arrow. The heavy body of the demoness fell to the ground like a big mountain. Her soul then rose up as a beautiful Gandharva lady and Tāṭakā who was thus released from the curse praised Śrī Rāma and left the place. Chapters 24 to 26 of Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa and Kamba Rāmāyaṇa).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Tataka was a shape-shifting Yaksha woman, the mother of the demons Subahu and Maricha. She was the daughter of a Yaksha named Suketu, who obtained her by performing a penance directed to Lord Brahma. Suketu had desired a son, but Brahma gave his daughter the strength of a thousand elephants instead.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taṭakā (तटका).—a P Fresh--a fruit, flower, vegetable, water.

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taṭāka (तटाक).—m S The bank of a river. 2 n A small tank or pond.

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tāṭakā (ताटका).—f (S The name of the sister of rāvaṇa) A vixen, virago, shrew, a Xanthippe. Applied also to a female considered as monstrous and hideous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

taṭāka (तटाक).—m The bank of a river. n A small tank.

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tāṭakā (ताटका).—f The name of the sister of rāvaṇa A vixen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taṭaka (तटक).—A shore or bank.

Derivable forms: taṭakam (तटकम्).

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Taṭāka (तटाक).—A pond (deep enough for the lotus and other aquatic plants); See तडाग (taḍāga).

Derivable forms: taṭākaḥ (तटाकः), taṭākam (तटाकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tātaka (तातक) or Tātuka or Tāttaka.—all = tattaka (§ 3.2), so much, so great, pl. so many; no such forms are recorded elsewhere; tātaka, only as v.l. of Kashgar recension of Saddharmapuṇḍarīka for tattaka, q.v.; tāttaka, m. pl., Samādhirājasūtra 19.16 (verse); Kāśyapa Parivarta 158.3 (prose; twice); 159.5 ff. (prose); tātuka, correl. with yātuka, q.v., Śikṣāsamuccaya 346.16 (verse); Gaṇḍavyūha 487.17 (here the correl. in 1st ed. is spelled yātaka, in 2d. ed. yātuka) and 18 (verses).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taṭāka (तटाक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A pond deep enough for the lotus and other aquatic flowers. E. taṭa a band, and ak to go, affix ac; or taṭa-ākan also taḍāka; also tāṭāka and taṭīka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taṭāka (तटाक).—[taṭā + ka], cf. taṭa, m. and n. A pond, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 68, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taṭaka (तटक):—[from taṭa] n. a shore, [Inscriptions]

2) Taṭāka (तटाक):—[from taṭa] n. (m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a pool, [ṢaḍvBr. v, 12; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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