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Talaka, aka: Taḷāka, Tālaka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Talaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Taḷāka can be transliterated into English as Talaka or Taliaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Talaka (तलक) refers to kind of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the waist (kaṭi) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn below the navel. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Talaka (तलक) also refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., talaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.

1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.

2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit book on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’). It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.

There are two varieties of Tālaka:

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
  2. Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
  2. Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)

It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6Rasaśāstra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

In Buddhism

Pali

Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 15 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Tala
Tāla (ताल, “clap”) is the term used in Indian classical music to refer to musical meter, that i...
Sutra
Sūtra (सूत्र, “thread”) refers to a “golden neck-chain” and is classified as an ornament (ābhar...
Haritala
Haritāla (हरिताल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “orpiment”, which ...
Uparasa
Uparasa (उपरस).—The first kind of rasābhāsa, occurring when one tastes one kind of mel...
Tata
1) Tata (तत) refers “stringed instruments”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 6.10 and chapter 28. I...
Patratala
Patratāla is the scally variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”):—It contains sūkṣma...
Pindatala
Piṇḍatāla is the stony variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”):—It is without scale...
Khatika
Khaṭikā is a variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”).—It is white in colour and aml...
Khata
Khāta, (adj.) (Sk. khāta; pp. of khan) dug DA. I, 274 (=ukkiṇṇa), a° not dug Miln. 351 (°taḷāk...
Phullika
Phullikā is a variety of Tālaka (“Orpiment”).—It is slightly yellowish, ve...
Purishabhiru
Purīṣabhīru (पुरीषभीरु).—A king and son of Talaka and father of Sunandana: ruled for 21 y...
Haleya
Hāleya (हालेय).—A son of Ariṣṭakarman, and father of Talaka.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 2...
Dalakhya
Dalākhya (दलाख्य):—Another name for Patratāla, which is one of the main variations of ...
Ashmasamjnaka
Aśmasaṃjñaka (अश्मसंज्ञक):—Another name for Piṇḍatāla, which is one of the main variat...
Nyasamantra
Nyāsamantra (न्यासमन्त्र).—In connection with the installation of an image; eg. ratnanyās...

Relevant text

Search found 4 books containing Talaka, Taḷāka or Tālaka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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