Talaka, aka: Taḷāka, Tālaka; 12 Definition(s)
Talaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Taḷāka can be transliterated into English as Talaka or Taliaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)
1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.
2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.
There are two varieties of Tālaka:
- Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
- Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-
- Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
- Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.
1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.
2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Talaka (तलक) refers to kind of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the waist (kaṭi) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn below the navel. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.
Talaka (तलक) also refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).
Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., talaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
ṭaḷakā (टळका).—m (Properly taḷakā) A small piece of (bamboo) matting.
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taḷakā (तळका).—a (taḷaṇēṃ) Fried.
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taḷakā (तळका).—m (taḷa Palm of the hand.) A small (sleeping or sitting) mat. Ex. sāṇḍalā mājhā phāṭa- kā ta0 kaśīṃ maja ḍhēṅkaṇēṃ khāllīṃ gē. 2 A cake or roll. 3 The skin raised by a blister; the raised crust of a puffed cake &c. 4 A piece worn or torn off from the sole of a shoe; any flattish piece separated. v uḍa, nigha, jā, kāḍha, ghē. 5 A cleared spot in a reaped field, a bare patch: also generally, a bare spot occasioned by a removal: also a patch or portion of a field generally, whether bare, or grown, or yet remaining to be reaped, or yet remaining to be sown, ploughed, weeded &c. 6 A half-slice (slicedoff half) of a mango. v kāpa, kāḍha, nigha.
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tālaka (तालक).—n S Yellow orpiment. 2 A padlock.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
taḷakā (तळका).—a Fried.
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taḷakā (तळका).—m A small mat. A cake. The skin raised by blister. A bare spot. The sliced-off half of a mango.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Talaka (तलक).—A large pond.
-kaḥ A small cart with burning coals (Mar. śegaḍī); Hch.7.
Derivable forms: talakam (तलकम्).
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1) Yellow orpiment.
2) A fragrant earth.
3) A bolt, latch.
-kī The vinous exudation of the palm, toddy.
Derivable forms: tālakam (तालकम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Talaka (तलक).—(tala plus -ka svārthe), upper surface, top, roof: °kopari Mvy 9351 = Tibetan khaṅ steṅ, (on) the top of a house.
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Tālaka (तालक).—(1) nt. (= Sanskrit Lex. id. and Sanskrit tāla), lock: Mvy 5905 = Tibetan sgo lcags, door-lock; compare pratitālaka; (2) nt., a kind of ornament, acc. to Tibetan shaped like a palm-leaf: Mvy 6029 = Tibetan rgyan ta la ḥdab.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-kaṃ) A large pond. E. tala a hole, a hollow, and kan aff.
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(-kaṃ) 1. A bolt, a latch, a kind of lock for fastening a door with. 3. Yellow orpiment. 3. A fragrant earth. E. kan added to the preceding.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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