Talaka, aka: Taḷāka, Tālaka; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Talaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Taḷāka can be transliterated into English as Talaka or Taliaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.

There are two varieties of Tālaka:

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
  2. Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
  2. Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)

It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Talaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.

1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.

2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Talaka (तलक) refers to kind of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the waist (kaṭi) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn below the navel. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Talaka (तलक) also refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., talaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Talaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [T] · next »

taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ṭaḷakā (टळका).—m (Properly taḷakā) A small piece of (bamboo) matting.

--- OR ---

taḷakā (तळका).—a (taḷaṇēṃ) Fried.

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taḷakā (तळका).—m (taḷa Palm of the hand.) A small (sleeping or sitting) mat. Ex. sāṇḍalā mājhā phāṭa- kā ta0 kaśīṃ maja ḍhēṅkaṇēṃ khāllīṃ gē. 2 A cake or roll. 3 The skin raised by a blister; the raised crust of a puffed cake &c. 4 A piece worn or torn off from the sole of a shoe; any flattish piece separated. v uḍa, nigha, jā, kāḍha, ghē. 5 A cleared spot in a reaped field, a bare patch: also generally, a bare spot occasioned by a removal: also a patch or portion of a field generally, whether bare, or grown, or yet remaining to be reaped, or yet remaining to be sown, ploughed, weeded &c. 6 A half-slice (slicedoff half) of a mango. v kāpa, kāḍha, nigha.

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tālaka (तालक).—n S Yellow orpiment. 2 A padlock.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taḷakā (तळका).—a Fried.

--- OR ---

taḷakā (तळका).—m A small mat. A cake. The skin raised by blister. A bare spot. The sliced-off half of a mango.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Talaka (तलक).—A large pond.

-kaḥ A small cart with burning coals (Mar. śegaḍī); Hch.7.

Derivable forms: talakam (तलकम्).

--- OR ---

Tālaka (तालक).—

1) Yellow orpiment.

2) A fragrant earth.

3) A bolt, latch.

-kī The vinous exudation of the palm, toddy.

Derivable forms: tālakam (तालकम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Talaka (तलक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A large pond. E. tala a hole, a hollow, and kan aff.

--- OR ---

Tālaka (तालक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A bolt, a latch, a kind of lock for fastening a door with. 3. Yellow orpiment. 3. A fragrant earth. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Satalaka
Sa-tālaka.—(EI 12), ‘together with palmyra palms’; epi- thet of gift village. Note: sa-tālaka i...
Talakabha
Tālakābha (तालकाभ).—adj. mfn. (-bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) Green. m. (-bhaḥ) Green, the colour. E. tālaka y...
Karatalaka
Karatālaka (करतालक).—1) clapping the hands; स जहास दत्तकरतालमुच्चकैः (sa jahāsa dattakaratālamu...
Gamenditalaka
Gāmeṇḍitalāka is the name of a locality that existed southward, and not far from, the ancient k...
Tala
Tala (तल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Essential nature, (in composition especially, as mahītalaṃ the earth it...
Amba
Ambā (अम्बा).—Daughter of a King of Kāśī. Ambā and Vicitravīrya. Ambā is an ill-starred charact...
Sutra
Sūtra (सूत्र).—nt. (also sūtrānta, q.v.), (1) (= Pali sutta) discourse, as a type of Buddhist s...
Haritala
Haritāla (हरिताल).—n. (-laṃ) Yellow orpiment. f. (-lī) 1. Bent grass, (Panicum dactylon.) 2. A ...
Tata
Tata.—(IE 7-1-2), probably confused with tattva and used to indicate ‘five’. Note: tata is defi...
Uparasa
Uparasa (उपरस).—m. (-saḥ) 1. A secondary mineral, as red chalk, bitumen, &c. 2. A secondary...
Duti
Dūti (दूति).—f. (-tiḥ) See dūta du-vā ti dīrghaśca .
Khata
Khaṭa (खट).—(m. or nt.; Sanskrit Lex. m.; compare Deśīn. 2.72 kha-ḍaia = saṃkucita), fisticuff,...
Tadaka
Tāḍaka (ताडक).—m. (compare s.v. tāḍa, 2), key, or some kind of key: °kaṃ kuñcikāṃ ca tāvad dhār...
Tada
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Khatika
Khaṭika (खटिक).—The hand half-closed.-kā 1 Chalk.2) The external opening of the ear.Derivable f...

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