Talaka, Taḷāka, Tālaka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Talaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Taḷāka can be transliterated into English as Talaka or Taliaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

1) Tālaka (तालक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “Orpiment”, which is an orange-yellow colored mineral, found throughout volcanic fissures and hot springs. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

2) Tālaka (तालक, “orpiment”):—One of the eight uparasa (‘secondary minerals’), a group of eight minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra. It is also known by the synonym Haritāla.

There are two varieties of Tālaka:

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally/rustic variety)
  2. Aśmasaṃjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 6

Tālaka (Orpiment) is of two types, viz-

  1. Dalākhya/Patratāla (scally variety),
  2. Aśma Sañjñaka/Piṇḍatāla (stony variety)

It is claimed as vātaśleṣmahara, checks rakta-srāva and bhūtabādhā (effects of evil spirits), stops menses in ladies, vary in anointing properties, kaṭu in rasa, dīpana (digestive stimulant) and kuṣṭhahara in karma.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Talaka (तलक).—A son of Āndhra Hāleya, and father of Purīṣabhīru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 1. 25.

1b) A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.

2) Tālaka (तालक).—Is Sāmaga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 44.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Talaka (तलक) refers to kind of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the waist (kaṭi) to be worn by males, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. It is to be worn below the navel. Such ornaments for males should be used in cases of gods and kings.

Talaka (तलक) also refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the hips (śroṇī) to be worn by females. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., talaka) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Talaka.—(LP), ‘on the spot’. (EI 23), a territorial division. Note: talaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Taḻāka.—(EI 14), same as taṭāka, taḍāga; a tank. Note: taḻāka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

taḷāka : (m.; nt.) a lake.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Taḷāka, (nt.) (Derivation uncertain. Perhaps from taṭa. The Sk. forms are taṭaka, taṭāka, taḍāga) a pond, pool, reservoir Vin. II, 256; J. I, 4, 239; PvA. 202; DA. I, 273; Miln. 1, 66=81, 246, 296, 359. (Page 298)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaḷakā (टळका).—m (Properly taḷakā) A small piece of (bamboo) matting.

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taḷakā (तळका).—a (taḷaṇēṃ) Fried.

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taḷakā (तळका).—m (taḷa Palm of the hand.) A small (sleeping or sitting) mat. Ex. sāṇḍalā mājhā phāṭa- kā ta0 kaśīṃ maja ḍhēṅkaṇēṃ khāllīṃ gē. 2 A cake or roll. 3 The skin raised by a blister; the raised crust of a puffed cake &c. 4 A piece worn or torn off from the sole of a shoe; any flattish piece separated. v uḍa, nigha, jā, kāḍha, ghē. 5 A cleared spot in a reaped field, a bare patch: also generally, a bare spot occasioned by a removal: also a patch or portion of a field generally, whether bare, or grown, or yet remaining to be reaped, or yet remaining to be sown, ploughed, weeded &c. 6 A half-slice (slicedoff half) of a mango. v kāpa, kāḍha, nigha.

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tālaka (तालक).—n S Yellow orpiment. 2 A padlock.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

taḷakā (तळका).—a Fried.

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taḷakā (तळका).—m A small mat. A cake. The skin raised by blister. A bare spot. The sliced-off half of a mango.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Talaka (तलक).—A large pond.

-kaḥ A small cart with burning coals (Mar. śegaḍī); Hch.7.

Derivable forms: talakam (तलकम्).

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Tālaka (तालक).—

1) Yellow orpiment.

2) A fragrant earth.

3) A bolt, latch.

-kī The vinous exudation of the palm, toddy.

Derivable forms: tālakam (तालकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Talaka (तलक).—(tala plus -ka svārthe), upper surface, top, roof: °kopari Mahāvyutpatti 9351 = Tibetan khaṅ steṅ, (on) the top of a house.

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Tālaka (तालक).—(1) nt. (= Sanskrit Lex. id. and Sanskrit tāla), lock: Mahāvyutpatti 5905 = Tibetan sgo lcags, door-lock; compare pratitālaka; (2) nt., a kind of ornament, according to Tibetan shaped like a palm-leaf: Mahāvyutpatti 6029 = Tibetan rgyan ta la ḥdab.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Talaka (तलक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A large pond. E. tala a hole, a hollow, and kan aff.

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Tālaka (तालक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A bolt, a latch, a kind of lock for fastening a door with. 3. Yellow orpiment. 3. A fragrant earth. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tālaka (तालक).—[masculine] a cert. insect; [feminine] tālikā the palm of the hand, clapping of the hands.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Talaka (तलक):—[from tala] m. a small cart with burning coals, [Harṣacarita vii]

2) [v.s. ...] a pot of clay, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan ii, 473]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa xii, 1]

4) [v.s. ...] n. = taḍaga, a pond (also tala and talla), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of salt, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) Tālaka (तालक):—[from tāla] m. ([Siddhānta-kaumudī puṃl. 29]) Name of a venomous insect, [Suśruta v, 8, 13]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a teacher, [Vāyu-purāṇa i, 61, 45] ([varia lectio] lika)

8) [v.s. ...] n. orpiment, [Bhāvaprakāśa v, 26, 48 and 221]

9) [v.s. ...] a fragrant earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a lock, bolt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of ornament, [Buddhist literature; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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