Taranatha, Tārānātha, Tara-natha: 7 definitions


Taranatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Tārānātha (तारानाथ).—Called तर्कवाचस्पति (tarkavācaspati); a Bengali modern Sanskrit scholar and grammarian of the nineteenth century who has written a commentary called Sarala on the Siddhanta Kaumudi. He has edited many important Sanskrit works consisting of many kosas.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Taranatha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Tārānātha (तारानाथ) refers to the “moon”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[Now the pala-verses]: [...] May the Sun [i.e., mārtāṇḍa], the Moon [i.e., tārānātha], Mars [i.e., kṣoṇīsūnu], Mercury [i.e., indusūnu], Jupiter [i.e., vāgīśa], Venus [i.e., daityācārya], Saturn [i.e., chāyāputra], Rāhu and Ketu, all these, together with the lunar mansions beginning with Aśvinī, and all these stars, produce auspiciousness, constant good health, prosperity, and longevity [for the couple]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Tārānāthā (तारानाथा) (Tārānāth) is reported to have said that Tantrism existed from very early times and was transmitted in a secret manner from the time of Asaṅga down to the time of Dharmakīrti. Asaṅga who was a brother of Vasubandhu (280-360 A. D.) must have flourished circa 300 A. D. and Dharmakīrti who is not mentioned by the Chinese traveller Hiuen Thsang but is referred to with great respect by I-Tsing very probably belonged to a period between 625-675 A. D.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Taranatha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Tārānātha (तारानाथ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Śabdārtharatna [grammatical] Rādh. 9.

2) Tārānātha (तारानाथ):—composed in 1808: Daśakumāracaritaṭīkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tāranātha (तारनाथ):—[=tāra-nātha] [from tāra] m. Name of a Tibetan (living in the beginning of the 17th century; author of a history of Buddhism).

[Sanskrit to German]

Taranatha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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