Tarani, Taraṇī, Tāraṇi, Tāraṇī: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Tarani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Taraṇi (तरणि) [?] (in Chinese: To-lo-ni) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Dhaniṣṭhā or Dhaniṣṭhanakṣatra, as mentioned in chapter 18 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—Chapter 18 deals with geographical astrology and, in conversation with Brahmarāja and others, Buddha explains how he entrusts the Nakṣatras [e.g., Dhaniṣṭhā] with a group of kingdoms [e.g., Taraṇi] for the sake of protection and prosperity.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Tāraṇī (तारणी) refers to “one who enables crossing (the ocean of poverty)”, according to the Kalaśa Pūjā [i.e., Kalasha Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Homage always to Vasundharā, enabling to cross an ocean of poverty (dāridra-arṇava-tāraṇī), Goddess of the beloved art of worship, granting the success of Lakṣmī, [Recite Lakṣmī stotra] Śrī Lakṣmī, Mahādevī, bestowing success in everything, A goddess granting all pleasure, Mahālakṣmī, I give homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

taraṇī : (f.) a ship; a boat.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

taraṇi (तरणि).—m S The sun. 2 f A ship, boat, or raft.

--- OR ---

taraṇī (तरणी).—f S A boat, ship, vessel, raft.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

taraṇi (तरणि).—m The sun. f Also taraṇī A ship.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि).—&c. See under तॄ (tṝ).

See also (synonyms): tara, taraṇa, taraṇḍa, tari, tarīṣa.

--- OR ---

Taraṇi (तरणि).—a. [tṝ-ani] Ved.

1) Passing through, pervading (as the sun).

2) Quick, energetic, unremitting; विपश्चितं तरणिं भ्राजमानम् (vipaścitaṃ taraṇiṃ bhrājamānam) Av.13.2.4.

3) Saving, carrying over, benevolent.

-ṇiḥ 1 The sun; 'तरणिर्द्युमणौ पुंसि कुमारीनौकयोः स्त्रियाम् (taraṇirdyumaṇau puṃsi kumārīnaukayoḥ striyām) Medinī.

2) A ray of light.

3) The Arka plant.

4) Copper.

-ṇiḥ, -ṇī f. A raft, boat.

--- OR ---

Tāraṇi (तारणि) or Tāraṇī (तारणी).—A float, raft.

Derivable forms: tāraṇiḥ (तारणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि).—f. (Sanskrit Lex., used of various plants and flowers), a kind of flower: °ṇiḥ Mahāvyutpatti 6207; Lalitavistara 11.3, reading of ms. H in Crit. App. °ṇī; Tibetan in both places trans- literates ta ra ṇi or °ni.

Taraṇi can also be spelled as Taraṇī (तरणी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. The sun. 2. A ray of light. 3. A float or raft. f. (-ṇiḥ- or -ṇī) 1. A boat. 2. The Socotrine aloe, (A perfoliata.) 3. A plant, (Hibiscus mutabilis.) E. tṝ to cross, Unadi affix karaṇe karmaṇi bhāve vā lyuṭ.

--- OR ---

Tāraṇi (तारणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) A boat. E. tṝ to pass over, ṇi or aṇi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि).—i. e. tṛ10 + ani, I. adj., f. ṇī, Overcoming, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 14078. Ii. m. 1. The sun, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 1, 30. 2. (? or f.), A boat, [Prabodhacandrodaya, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 83, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि).—[adjective] running through or onward, quick, fleet; eager, ardent; helpful, favourable; [masculine] the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taraṇī (तरणी):—[from taraṇa > tara] f. = ṇi, a boat, [Harivaṃśa 14078] ([varia lectio] riṇī)

2) [v.s. ...] Hibiscus mutabilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] = ṇī-vallī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Taraṇi (तरणि):—[from tara] mfn. moving forwards (as the sun etc.), quick, untired, energetic, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda xiii, 2, 4 and 36]

5) [v.s. ...] carrying over, saving, helping, benevolent, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa ii, 7, 13, 2]

6) [v.s. ...] m. the sun, [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana iii, 13; Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, viii, x; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

7) [v.s. ...] Calotropis gigantea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a ray of light, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] f. = ṇī, a boat, [Prabodha-candrodaya; Vopadeva; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

10) [v.s. ...] Aloe perfoliata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (also ṇī [Scholiast or Commentator])

11) [v.s. ...] cf. go-, saṃsāra-.

12) Tāraṇi (तारणि):—[from tāraṇa > tāra] f. = tar, a boat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Taraṇi (तरणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. The sun; a ray; a float. f. (ṇiḥ-ṇī) A boat; a plant.

2) Tāraṇi (तारणि):—(ṇiḥ) 1. m. A boat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Taraṇi (तरणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Taraṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tarani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि):—(nm) the sun; (nf) a boat.

context information

...

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Taraṇi (तरणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Taraṇi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Taraṇi (ತರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] = ತರಣ [tarana]3.

2) [noun] the sun.

3) [noun] a kind of mystical missile that was believed to discharge light of high intensity.

4) [noun] the plant Pavetta indica of Rubiaceae family.

5) [noun] the plant Tarenna asiatica (= Chomelia asiatica, = Webera corymbosa) of Rubiaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of tarani in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: